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Majliss-annouwab (House of Representatives)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Presidency module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Barlaman / Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majliss-annouwab / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlis al-Mustacharin / House of Councillors
Title Speaker of the House of Representatives
Term - duration: 2 and a half years
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, death, dissolution
Appointment - elected by all the Members of the House of Representatives
- elected at the start of the legislature and subsequently in the third year for the rest of the legislature
- after validation of Members' mandates
Eligibility - any Member who has formally announced his candidature is eligible
- notification of candidature may be made at the first plenary sitting devoted to the election
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- absolute majority in the first and second rounds, relative majority in the third round
Procedures / results - the provisional Bureau chaired by the oldest Member and seconded by the four youngest Members presides over the House during the voting
- the youngest Members of the Bureau supervise the voting
- the provisional Chair announces the results without delay
- the results cannot be challenged
Status - ranks third in the hierarchy of the State immediately after the Head of the Government
- represents the Assembly with the public authorities
- is a member of the Consultative Council for Human Rights
- represents the Assembly in international bodies (IPU, AIPU, UAP)
- presides over the Board and the Conference of Speakers
- in the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speakers can assume his/her role and functions
Board - is set up and regulated by the Standing Orders
- consists of the Speaker (term of two and a half years), eight Deputy Speakers, two quaestors, and three parliamentary secretaries (term of two and a half years)
- meets once weekly at the Speaker's initiative
- constitutes a true collegial presidency
Material facilities - allowance
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments
- refers texts to a committee for study
- examines the admissibility of requests for setting up committees and/or commissions of enquiry, proposes or decides on the setting-up of such committees
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- takes disciplinary measures within the House
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the House in the light of precedents
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates
Special powers - supervises the establishment of the budget which is prepared by the quaestor's office
- recruits, assigns and promotes staff with the Board's agreement
- appoints the Clerk
- organizes the services of Parliament together with the Board and the Clerk
- plays a specific role in overseeing foreign relations and defence
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - provides guidelines for the interpretation or completion of the text under discussion
- may take part in voting - however, his/her duties call for neutrality
- appoints four of the nine members of the Constitutional Court
- may be consulted if the Head of State decides to introduce exceptional powers

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