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Assembleia da Republica (Assembly of the Republic)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Last elections module

A historical Archive of past election results for this chamber can be found on a separate page

Parliament name (generic / translated) Assembleia da Republica / Assembly of the Republic
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 15 October 2014
Purpose of elections The Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO), which has been in power since independence in 1975, retained the majority in the 250-member National Assembly but saw its share of seats reduced from 191 to 144 . Its main rival, the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO), increased from 51 to 89 seats. The Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM, a splinter party from RENAMO) more than doubled its share from eight to 17 seats. The former Defense Minister Filipe Nyusi (FRELIMO) won the presidential elections defeating RENAMO leader Afonso Dhlakama. Mr. Nyusi is due to succeed outgoing President Armando Guebuza (FRELIMO), who was constitutionally barred from seeking a third presidential term, in January 2015.

The 2014 elections followed a new peace deal between the FRELIMO government and RENAMO on 5 September 2014. Although the two parties had signed a peace deal in 1992 after a 16-year civil war, RENAMO leader Dhlakama took to the bush again in October 2012. He reappeared from RENAMO military bases in the Gorongosa district just a few weeks ahead of the polling day.

During the election campaign, FRELIMO ran on the government's record, promising continuity. Mr. Nyusi presented himself as "the bee that will make honey for all", referring to his name which means "bee" in the local Maconde language. RENAMO leader Dhlakama promised to establish a system that would allow coal miners to benefit from the resources that they extracted. He accused the government of rigging the polls and rejected the election results, but ruled out a return to insurgency. MDM leader Daviz Simango promised to work for economic development and job creation.
Date of previous elections: 28 October 2009

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: October 2019

Number of seats at stake: 250 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: Not available.

Percentage of women candidates: Not available.

Number of parties contesting the election: 29

Number of parties winning seats: 3

Alternation of power: No

Number of parties in government: 1

Names of parties in government: Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 12 January 2015

Name of the new Speaker: Ms. Verónica Nataniel Macamo Dlovo (Mozambican Liberation Front, FRELIMO)
Voter turnout
Round no 115 October 2014
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
5'316'936 (48.49%)

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO)
Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO)
Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total
Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO) 144
Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) 89
Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM) 17
Distribution of seats according to sex
Percent of women
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Source: Assembly of the Republic (31.10.2014, 28.01.2015)

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