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Tweede Kamer der Staten-Generaal (House of Representatives )

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Electoral system module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Staten-Generaal / States General
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Tweede Kamer der Staten-Generaal / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Eerste Kamer der Staten-Generaal / Senate
Electoral Law 28 September 1989
Last updated: 25 Sep. 2008
Mode of designation directly elected 150
Constituencies 18 multi-member constituencies.
Voting system Proportional: Party-list system with proportional representation. Seats are distributed at the national level among different lists or groups of lists which have obtained at least 0.67% of the nationwide vote, each being awarded as many seats as the number of times the votes for its candidates is the multiple of an established national quota (the total of valid votes in the country divided by the number of seats (150) to be filled). Within each list, seats are then allocated among candidates according to the order in which they appear on the list. The seats remaining unfilled after this first distribution are then allotted according to the d'Hondt method of highest average.
Vacancies arising between general elections are filled by the candidate who is "next-in-line" on the list of the same party which previously held the seat.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Dutch citizenship
- disqualifications: insanity, imprisonment, disfranchisement as result of certain criminal convictions, deprivation of parental authority or guardianship over children
Eligibility - qualified electors
- age: 18 years
- Dutch citizenship
Incompatibilities - Minister, Vice-President or member of the Council of State
- judge of the Supreme Court
- member of the General Board of Auditors
- Queen's Commissioner in a province
- Clerk or any other official of either Chamber
Candidacy requirements - lists of candidates must be supported by at least 25 electors in each district. The 25 nominating persons can appoint a representative who is empowered to link their list with other lists, at the national level, into what is then called a group of lists.
- deposit of 11,250 euros for lists of parties not already represented in the Second Chamber . This deposit is not reimbursed if the number of votes obtained by the political group remains below 75% of the applicable electoral quota

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