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Stortinget (Parliament)

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Parliament name (generic / translated) Stortinget / Parliament
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Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1890 -
President Tone Wilhelmsen Trøen (F) 
Notes Elected on 15 March 2018.
Secretary General Marianne Andreassen (F) 
Notes Sworn in on 2 May 2018.
Members (statutory / current number) 169 / 169

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Women (current number) 70 (41.42%)
Mode of designation directly elected 169
Term 4 years
Last renewal dates 11 September 2017
(View details)
Address Stortinget
Karl Johansgate 22
0026 OSLO
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (47) 23 31 30 50
Fax (47) 23 31 38 50
E-mail info@stortinget.no


Parliament name (generic / translated) Stortinget / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral law 28 June 2002
Representation of the People Act 2002
Mode of designation directly elected 169
Constituencies 19 multi-member (3 to 17 seats) constituencies corresponding to Norway's 19 counties.
Voting system Proportional: Party-list system, with proportional distribution of seats according to the modified Sainte- Laguë method.
Of the 169 members returned, 150 are elected as constituency representatives while 19 (one seat from each constituency) are elected as "members at large".
Election Day is set by the King on a Monday in September, usually the first or second of the month.
Vacancies arising between general elections are filled by substitutes elected at the same time as titular members.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years by the end of the year of election
- Norwegian citizenship
- current or previous residence in the country
- Registration on the voters' list
- disqualifications: sentence for certain criminal offences (such as felonies committed against the independence and security of the State) and work in the service of a foreign State without the consent of the government
Eligibility - qualified electors
- age: 18 years
- Norwegian citizenship
- Ministry staff (with the exception of ministers, State secretaries and political advisers)
- Supreme Court judges
- members of the diplomatic corps or the consular service.
Incompatibilities - Ministers and officials of the Ministries
- Supreme court judges
- posts in consular or diplomatic services
Candidacy requirements - submission of the candidates list before 31 March in the year of the elections
- candidatures must be submitted by parties or groups
- Condition for registered parties which polled over 500 votes in one constituency or over 5,000 votes nationwide: the signature of two members of the executive committee of the party's local branch
- Condition for other parties and groups: signature of 500 registered voters in the constituency
- simultaneous nomination in several constituencies possible


Parliament name (generic / translated) Stortinget / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 11 September 2017
Timing and scope of renewal Prime Minister Erna Solberg's ruling coalition returned to power, thereby becoming the first Conservative-led government (see note 1) to win re-election since 1985. The coalition took more seats than the three main opposition parties (see note 2). The Labour Party, led by Mr. Jonas Gahr Støre, remained the largest party in the 169-member parliament, and took 49 seats, four more than the Conservative Party. A record 70 women were elected, or 41.42%, breaking the previous record set in 2013 (67, or 39.64%).

Since the 2013 elections, the price of oil had fallen by 70 per cent. The Conservative-led government introduced tax cuts of 21 billion kroner (over two billion euros). During the election campaign, the government said it continue income tax cuts, while the Labour-led coalition proposed to increase taxes on the wealthy. Other key issues included job creation and the country's membership of the European Economic Area (EEA).

Note 1:
The centre-right coalition government, formed after the 2013 elections, comprised the Conservative Party, the Progress Party, the Christian Democratic Party and the Liberal Party. These parties won a total of 88 seats in 2017. However, the Christian Democratic Party left the coalition after the 2017 elections, reducing the coalition to 80 seats.

Note 2:
The Labour Party, the Centre Party and the Socialist Left Party won a total of 79 seats.
Date of previous elections: 9 September 2013

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: N/A

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: September 2021

Number of seats at stake: 169 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 4,438 (2,571 men, 1,867 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 42.1%

Number of parties contesting the election: 24

Number of parties winning seats: 8

Alternation of power: No

Number of parties in government: 3

Names of parties in government: Conservative Party, Progress Party, Liberal Party

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 2 October 2017

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Olemic Thommessen (Conservative Party)
Voter turnout
Round no 111 September 2017
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
2'945'352 (78.22%)

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Labour Party
Conservative Party
Progress Party
Centre Party
Socialist Left Party
Christian Democratic Party
Liberal Party
Green Party
Red Party
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats
Labour Party 49
Conservative Party 45
Progress Party 27
Centre Party 19
Socialist Left Party 11
Christian Democratic Party 8
Liberal Party 8
Green Party 1
Red Party 1
Distribution of seats according to sex


Percent of women


Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Parliament (13.09.2017)


Parliament name (generic / translated) Stortinget / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Title President of the Storting
Term - duration: 1 year, renewable;
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, death, if at least 1/5 of the Members of the Storting send the President a written demand for a new election
Appointment - elected by all MPs, at the beginning of a new Session of the Storting, after the Members' mandates are validated
Eligibility - any MP may be a candidate
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- there may be 1, 2 or 3 rounds: in the first and second ballots, ordinary majority is required, if such a majority is not obtained, another re-election is held between the 2 candidates having obtained the largest number of votes
Procedures / results - the former President presides over the Assembly during the voting
- the former President as well as the Assembly supervise the voting
- the former President announces the results without any delay
- the results can be challenged immediately by any present Member of the Assembly
Status - ranks next to the Royal Family
- represents the Assembly with the public authorities
- in the absence of the President, the Vice-President can assume his/her role and functions
Board - the Presidium of the Storting is regulated by Rules of Procedure
- consists of 6 members: the President and the Vice-President of the Storting, the President and the Vice-President of the Lagting, the President and the Vice-President of the Odelsting
- meets usually once a week on the initiative of the Speaker
- is a collegiate presidency
Material facilities - allowance
- official car
- secretariat
Organization of parliamentary business - may to a certain extent organize the debates
- may raise question, but cannot take any decision
- may propose to refer a text to a committee for study
- may propose the setting up of committees and/or committees of enquiry,
The Presidium
- convenes sessions
- establishes and modifies the agenda
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings (alternatively with the Vice-President)
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the Assembly
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- calls for a vote and verifies the voting procedure, the Assembly decides how it is to be carried out and cancel a vote in the event of irregularities
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the adopted texts and the records of debates
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Assembly
Special powers - the Presidium puts forward a proposal on the budget of the Assembly
- is the main responsible, on behalf of the Presidium of the Storting, for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates when the Vice-President chairs the meeting
- takes part in voting
- provides guidelines for the interpretation or completion of the text under discussion
- proposes bills or amendments


Parliament name (generic / translated) Stortinget / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Nature of the mandate · Free representation
Start of the mandate · When the Storting meets first. Until their mandate is validated, MPs have a temporary right to sit and to vote (Rule 1 (1) of the Rules of Procedure).
Validation of mandates · Validation by the Storting (Art. 64 of the Constitution of 17.05.1814, as amended up to and including 23.07.1995)
· Procedure (Rules 1 (1) and (5), and 23 of the Rules of Procedure)
End of the mandate · On the day when the legal term of the House ends
Can MPs resign? No
Can MPs lose their mandate ? Yes Loss of mandate by judicial decision:
- Loss of eligibility (see Art. 61 of the Constitution)
- Loss of qualification to hold public office
- State impeachment (Art. 86 and 87 of the Constitution)
Rank in hierarchy · Within Parliament:
1. The President
2. The other members of the Presidium
3. The Chairpersons of the party groups, the committee chairpersons
4. The other MPs
· Outside Parliament: the official order of precedence ranks the President of the Storting in the 2nd position.
Indemnities, facilities and services · Diplomatic passport for the members of the Presidium, special passport for the other MPs
· Basic salary: NOK 410,000 per year
+ Additional allowance (see also Art. 65 of the Constitution): in accordance with distance of residence
· No exemption from tax
· Special pension scheme
· Other facilities:
(a) Secretariat for the party groups
(b) Assistants in the secretariats of the party groups
(c) Official housing
(d) Three official cars for the 6 members of the Presidium
(e) Postal and telephone services
(f) Travel and transport
(g) Others
Obligation to declare personal assets No
Parliamentary immunity - parliamentary non-accountability · The concept does exist (Art. 66 of the Constitution).
· Parliamentary non-accountability is limited to words spoken or written by MPs and votes cast within Parliament.
· Derogations: offence or insult (Art. 66 of the Constitution, Rules 38 and 50 (2) of the Rules of Procedure, see Discipline)
· Non-accountability takes effect on the day when the mandate begins and offers, after the expiry of the mandate, protection against prosecution for opinions expressed during the exercise of the mandate.
Parliamentary immunity - parliamentary inviolability · The concept does exist (Art. 66 of the Constitution).
· It applies to criminal and civil proceedings, covers all offences with the exception of certain criminal offences (see Loss of mandate by judicial decision - Loss of qualification to hold public office, and Loss of mandate by judicial decision - State impeachment), but protects MPs only from arrest and from being held in preventive custody.
· Derogations: in cases of flagrante delicto (commission of public crimes), MPs can be arrested (Art. 66 of the Constitution).
· Parliamentary inviolability does not prevent MPs from being called as witnesses before a judge or tribunal.
· Protection is provided from the start to the end of the mandate. Since it does not cover judicial proceedings in general, it does not cover judicial proceedings instituted against MPs before their election. However, an MP in custody shall be released if this is necessary for the exercise of his parliamentary functions, unless apprehended in flagrante delicto (see above).
· Parliamentary immunity (inviolability) cannot be lifted.
· Parliament cannot subject the prosecution and/or detention to certain conditions.
· Parliament cannot suspend the prosecution and/or detention of one of its members.
· In the event of preventive custody or imprisonment, the MPs concerned can be authorised to attend sittings of Parliament (see above).
Training · There is a training/initiation process on parliamentary practices and procedures for MPs.
· It is provided by Parliament or the political parties.

Participation in the work of the Parliament · It is compulsory for MPs to be present at plenary sittings, committee meetings, or other meetings. For leave of absence, see Rule 27 (1) of the Rules of Procedure.
· Penalties foreseen in case of failure to fulfil this obligation (Art. 86 and 87 of the Constitution): loss of mandate
· Body competent to judge such cases/to impose penalties: the ordinary Courts of Justice, the Constitutional Court of the Realm
Discipline · The rules governing discipline within Parliament are contained in Rules 38, 42, and 50 (2) of the Rules of Procedure.
· Disciplinary measures foreseen:
- Censure (Rule 38 of the Rules of Procedure)
- Intervention (Rule 50 (2) of the Rules of Procedure)
- Warning for irrelevance (Rule 38 of the Rules of Procedure)
- Call to order (Rule 42 (1) of the Rules of Procedure)
- Refusal of permission to speak (Rule 42 (2) of the Rules of Procedure)
- Exclusion from the proceedings for the rest of the day (Rule 42 (2) of the Rules of Procedure)
· Specific cases:
- Offence or insult (Rules 38 and 50 (2) of the Rules of Procedure): censure, intervention
· Competent body to judge such cases/to impose penalties:
- Censure, intervention, warning for irrelevance, call to order, offence or insult: the President
- Refusal of permission to speak, exclusion from the proceedings for the rest of the day: the Storting
· Procedure (Rules 38, 42, and 50 (2) of the Rules of Procedure)
Code (rules) of conduct · This concept does not exist in the country's juridical system.
Relations between MPs and pressure group · There are no legal provisions in this field.

This page was last updated on 2 July 2018
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