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Kuk Hoe (National Assembly)

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Parliament name (generic / translated) Kuk Hoe / National Assembly
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Title Speaker of the National Assembly
Term - duration: 2 years
- the term of the Speaker elected for the first two years begins the day of election and ends two years after the commencement of his or her term as an MP
- the Speaker elected for the second half of the legislature remains in office until the term of the pertaining Assembly expires
- in case of accident, the Deputy Speaker designated by the Speaker shall act on his/her behalf. In case of vacancy, a by-election shall be held
Appointment - the Speaker shall be elected by the National Assembly through a vote
- the first election of the Speaker is held at the first plenary sitting after a general election, not exceeding 7 days after the commencement of a new legislature
- the second election is held 5 days before expiration of the term of the first Speaker
Eligibility - any Member may be a candidate
Voting system - formal vote by secret, usually in one round
- if the Assembly fails to elect the Speaker in the first round, a second vote shall be held and if the second vote fails to produce a winner, then the final vote shall take place where the candidate with the largest number of votes, in the presence of more than half the membership, is elected the Speaker
Procedures / results - the most senior Member presides over the Assembly during the voting for the first election, for the second election, the outgoing Speaker presides over the Assembly
- the most senior Member or the presiding Speaker and a few Members appointed as ballot inspectors supervise the voting
- the most senior Member or the presiding Speaker announces the results immediately after the voting
- the results cannot be challenged
Status - ranks next to the Head of State, at the official ceremony
- represents the Assembly at home and abroad.

Board - the Steering Committee of the National Assembly consists of 24 representative Members appointed by the Speaker upon request of the representative Members of each negociation group; term of the office is 2 years
- meetings are held, more than once a month

Material facilities - Official passport
- salary and additional allowance
- official residence
- official car
- 18 staff
- body guards
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- organizes proceeding of meetings
- sets speaking time (strictly limited)
- refers texts to a committee for study
- decides which standing committee takes charge of an issue that does not fall under the jurisdiction of any particular committee
- designates the chairman of the Whole House Committee.
Chairing of public sittings - can open, suspend and adjourn sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements during plenary sessions
- invokes the Speaker's 'Power of Guard' and asks the police to restore order if necessary
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order of amendments to be put to a vote
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure but he cannot cancel the result
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the adopted texts and the records of debates
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Assembly
Special powers - appoints and dismisses the Secretary General, the Librarian and theChief of the National Assembly Budget Office in consultation with representative of negotiation groups or the House Steering Committee,
- appoints, overseas and dismisses public servants working for the legislature
- establishes the Assembly's budget plan with the consent of the House Steering Committee and submits it to the Government
- approves the expenditure of the reserve funds of the National Assembly
- proposes plans to appoint three justices of the Constitutional Court and three members of the National Election Commission
- asks the Board of Audit and Inspection to inspect a certain administrative agency
- requests the Goverment to dispatch policement with the consent of the House Steering Committee in necessary.
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - may take the floor in legislative debates
- reserves the right to vote

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