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Consiglio grande e generale (Great and General Council)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Electoral system module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Consiglio grande e generale / Great and General Council
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral Law 23 December 1958
Last updated: 23 Aug. 2016
Mode of designation directly elected 60
Constituencies 33 single or multi-member constituencies.
Voting system Proportional: Party-list system with proportional representation of seats using the d'Hondt method.
- Voters may either vote for an election coalition or one of the parties in the coalition. A voter may cast a preferential vote for one candidate on the list for which he/she voted.
- Electoral coalitions must present the composition of their prospective government and programmes before polling day.
- The threshold to win parliamentary representation is determined by multiplying the number of lists participating in the elections by 0.4 (for instance, if there are six lists, the threshold would be 2.4 per cent). The maximum threshold is fixed at 3.5 per cent of the valid votes, regardless of the number of lists.

-To be allowed to form a new Government, a list must obtain more than one half of the valid votes cast or a minimum of 30 seats. If no list meets this requirement, a second round will be held two weeks after the first round between the two lists that obtained the highest number of votes. With a view to ensuring a stable government, the winning list will be given "bonus seats" to secure a minimum of 35 seats.

- Seats within the list will firstly be attributed to candidates who received the highest number of preference votes. In case of a tie, preference will be given to women candidates, followed by duration of service as an MP and then in descending order of age.
- The "next-in-line" candidate of the same party list fills seats that become vacant between general elections.
- The Great and General Council is wholly renewed if it loses one half plus one of its members.

Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - Age: 18 years
- San Marino citizenship
- Full possession of civil and political rights
Disqualifications: mental illness, deprivation of full legal capacity, conviction for electoral offences or crimes punished by detention of more than one year
Eligibility - Qualified electors
- Age: 21 years on election day
- San Marino citizenship
- Literacy
- Domicile in San Marino
- Ineligibilities: persons holding ecclesiastical offices or titles
Incompatibilities - Consuls and honorary consuls of foreign States
- Members of the police or security forces
- Spouses, parents and children of Deputies
Candidacy requirements - Candidatures must be submitted by political parties or a group of individual candidates supported by 90 eligible voters.
- Each list must comprise between 12 and 60 candidates.
- At least one third of candidates on a list must be from each gender.

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