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Consiglio grande e generale (Great and General Council)

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Parliament name (generic / translated) Consiglio grande e generale / Great and General Council
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) (from/to)20 November 2016
4 December 2016
Purpose of elections The Adesso.sm coalition (see note 1) defeated the ruling San Marino First coalition (see note 2) in the second round of parliamentary elections. The run-offs were necessary after the Democracy in Motion coalition (see note 3) scored highly in the first round, preventing the two major coalitions from winning the required 35 seats in the 60-member Great and General Council in the first round (see note 4). A record 14 women were elected.

The 2016 elections were the third consecutive early elections in the country. Elections were triggered when the ruling San Marino Common Good coalition lost its majority, after the Popular Alliance withdrew on 27 July , citing policy disagreements. The elections took place in a context of economic slowdown; Italian anti-money laundering measures reportedly affected the banking industry. During the election campaign, the major coalitions focused on the economy, tax reforms and the country’s further integration with the European Union.

The 2016 elections were the first to be held under the revised electoral law. Parliament initially made technical and logistic revisions in March 2016. 55% of voters then supported a referendum on 15 May, that reduced the number of preferential votes that each voter may cast from three to one.

Note 1:
The Adesso.sm coalition comprised the Future Republic (RF), the Civic Movement 10 (Civico 10) and the Democratic Socialist Left (SSD).

Note 2:
San Marino First coalition comprised the major parties in the San Marino Common Good coalition, which had won the 2012 elections – the Christian Democratic Party of San Marino (PDCS), the Party of Socialists and Democrats (PSD) and Sammarinese (NS) – as well as the Socialist Party.

Note 3:
The Democracy in Motion coalition comprised RETE Movement and the Democratic Movement San Marino Together. It didn’t support either of the two coalitions that advanced to run-offs.

Note 4:
To form a Government, a coalition list must obtain more than half of the valid votes cast or a minimum of 30 seats. If no list meets this requirement in the first round of voting, a second round is held two weeks later between the two lists that obtained the highest number of votes. If the list with the highest number of votes fails to win 35 seats, it receives "bonus seats" to meet the 35-seat requirement.
Date of previous elections: 11 November 2012

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 31 August 2016

Timing of election: Early elections

Expected date of next elections: November 2021

Number of seats at stake: 60 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 257 (164 men, 93 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 36.2%

Number of parties contesting the election: 11 lists *
*Including three coalitions and two single lists

Number of parties winning seats: 2*
*Three coalitions won parliamentary representations in the first round. Run-off votes involved two coalitions which obtained the highest number of votes in the first round.

Alternation of power: Yes

Number of parties in government: 1 coalition

Names of parties in government: Adesso.sm

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 12 December 2016

Name of the new Speaker: The mandate of the two Heads of State (Capitani Regenti) - Mr. Marino Riccardi (PDCS) and Mr. Fabio Berardi (PDCS) - is not affected by the general elections and thus continues until 1 April 2017.
Voter turnout
Round no 1 (from/to)20 November 2016
4 December 2016
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
20'272 (59.65%)

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
San Marino First
Democracy in Motion
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total 1st round
Adesso.sm 35 20
San Marino First 25 25
Democracy in Motion 0 15
Distribution of seats according to sex
Percent of women
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Great and General Council (06.12.2016, 28.12.2016)

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