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Národná rada (National Council)

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Parliament name (generic / translated) Narodna rada Slovenskej republiky / National Council
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Title Chairman of the National Council
Term - duration: 4 years (term of House);
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, death, removal by the Council
Appointment - elected by all the Members of the Council
- election is held at the opening of the session of the Council
- election is held after the Members' mandates are validated and after the Members are sworn in
Eligibility - any Deputy may be candidate; a formal notification of candidature is required
- nominations must be submitted within the deadline determined by an agreement of political parties
- theoretically, it is possible to submit proposals until the beginning of the vote
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- an absolute majority of all Deputies is required
- if no candidate obtains the required majority, further rounds are held
- new candidates may run in subsequent rounds
Procedures / results - the former President presides over the Council during the voting
- the Deputies commission supervises the voting
- the Deputies commission announces the results without any delay
- the results can be challenged by the newly elected President
Status - ranks second in the hierarchy of State, after the Head of State
- represents the Council with the public authorities
- is ex officio member of some bodies outside Parliament, e.g. the State Defence Council
- represents the Council in international bodies
- in the absence of the President, the Vice-President can assume his/her role and functions
Board - the Chairman's meeting is not formally regulated - it consists of the Chairman and four Vice-Chairmen - it is summoned by the Chairman and held every week
- the Political Board consists of the Chairman and the deputy clubs' Chairmen, with a total of 7 Members - is convened by the Chairman upon request by at least two Deputy clubs - makes recommendation to the Chairman
Material facilities - salary determined by law
- official residence
- official car
- secretariat
- body guards
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- establishes and modifies the agenda
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments
- refers texts to a committee for study
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the COuncil through the Chancellery of Parliament
- is in charge of discipline within the Council
- gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up and selects which amendments are to be debated
- calls for a vote
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the adopted texts and the records of debates
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Council
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates
Special powers - is responsible for establishing the Council's draft budget
- is consulted for the recruitment, assignment and promotion of staff
- appoints and recalls the Head of the Chancellery
- plays a specific role in the conduct of foreign affairs or defence matters as a Member of the State Defence Council
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates
- provides guidelines for the interpretation or completion of the text under discussion
- proposes bills or amendments in his/her capacity of Deputy
- declares laws adopted by the Council

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