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House of Representatives

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Presidency module

Parliament name Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Senate
Title Speaker of the House of Representatives
Term - duration: 5 years renewable (term of legislature);
- reasons for interruption of the term: loss of parliamentary mandate, appointment as Minister or Under-Secretary of State (if elected among MPs), dissolution, loss of citizenship, exclusion, resignation, death, dissolution (if elected among non-MPs)
Appointment - elected by the members of the House
- election is held at the start of the first sitting of the newly elected House
- before taking the oath
Eligibility - any member of the House (except Ministers and Under-Secretaries of State) or any non-elected MP may be a candidate
Voting system - formal vote by public ballot if there are several candidates
- simple majority
- the Clerk proposes a vote by roll call of the candidates proposed and seconded; the first to receive the necessary majority being elected Speaker

Procedures / results - the Clerk presides over the House during the voting
- the Clerk supervises the voting
- the Clerk announces the results immediately
- the results can be challenged
Status - ranks 5th after Head of State, Prime minister, Chief Justice and President of the Senate
- the President of the Senate has precedence over the Speaker of the House of Representatives
- represents the House with the public authorities
- is de facto President of a Committee
- represents the House in international bodies
- in the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker can assume his/her role and functions
Material facilities - allowance
- official residence
- official car
- secretariat
- additional assistants
- domestic staff
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- establishes and modifies the agenda
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments
- can appoint committees and their presidents
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the House
- is responsible for discipline within the House: if necessary, takes disciplinary measures and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up
Special powers - takes part in establishing the budget of the House
- supervises the services of the House
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for security and in this capacity can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - has casting vote

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