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Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi (T.B.M.M) (Grand National Assembly of Turkey)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Electoral system module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi (T.B.M.M) / Grand National Assembly of Turkey
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral Law 1 January 1900
Last updated: October 2006
Mode of designation directly elected 600
Constituencies 79 multi-member constituencies corresponding to the country's provinces.
Voting system Proportional: Party-list proportional representation system using the d'Hondt method, with restricted options and a double barrier (at the local and national level). Accordingly, a candidate from a political party can only be elected if the party (a) is fully organized in at least half of the provinces and one- third of the districts within these provinces; (b) has nominated two candidates for each parliamentary seat in at least half of the provinces; (c) has obtained at least 10% of the valid votes cast nationwide; and (d) has received, in the constituency in question, valid votes at least equal to the applicable simple electoral quotient.
Subject to certain conditions and exceptions, vacancies arising between general elections are filled through by-elections.
Voting is compulsory, abstention being punishable by a fine.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Turkish citizenship
- disqualifications: criminal conviction, insanity, allegiance to a foreign State
Eligibility Qualified electors
- age: 25 years
- Turkish citizenship
- completion of compulsory military service (for men)
- ineligibility: bankruptcy, conviction of certain crimes listed in the Constitution, imprisonment for at least one year
Incompatibilities - judges
- prosecutors
- members of high courts
- university professors
- members of the Higher Educational Council
- certain public officials
- civil servants or public employees
- members of the armed forces
Candidacy requirements - nomination by parties or independent candidatures
- support of a given number of electors (which varies according to the population of the constituency)
- non-reimbursable monetary deposit equivalent to US$ 30,000

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