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Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi (T.B.M.M) (Grand National Assembly of Turkey)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Presidency module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi (T.B.M.M) / Grand National Assembly of Turkey
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Title President of the Turkish Grand National Assembly
Term - duration: two years for the first Speaker. The term of the second Speaker continues until the end of the given legislative term
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, death or a decision of the Constitutional Court
Appointment - elected by all Members of the TNGA
- the election is held at the start of the session
- after Members' mandates have been validated and they have been sworn in
Eligibility - any Member who is formally a candidate may be elected
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- two-thirds majority required for the two first rounds; absolute majority for the third round and simple majority for the fourth round
Procedures / results - the eldest Member presides over the Assembly during the voting
- the eldest Member and Members of the Presidential Board supervise the voting
- the eldest Member announces the results without delay
- the results cannot be challenged
Status - ranks second in the hierarchy of the State
- acts as Head of State in the absence of the latter
- represents the Assembly with the authorities
- represents the Assembly in international bodies
- in the absence of the President, one of the Vice-Presidents designed by the President can assume his/her role and functions
Board - the Presidential Board is regulated by the Rules of Procedure
- consists of the President, four Vice-Presidents, three administrative members and seven other members. Their term is identical to that of the President
- meets at the initiative of the President of Parliament
Material facilities - allowance
- official residence
- official car
- secretariat
- additional staff
- advisors
- bodyguards
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- establishes and modifies the agenda
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments
- refers texts to a committee for study
- examines the admissibility of requests for setting up committees and/or committees of enquiry, proposes or decides on the setting up of such committees
- may appoint committees and their Chairmen
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up and selects which amendments are to be debated
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the texts adopted and the records of debates
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Assembly based on precedents
Special powers - plays a specific role in supervising foreign policy or defence matters
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Assembly
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - proposes bills or amendments by leaving his/her chair

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