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House of Representatives

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Presidency module

Parliament name Congress
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Senate
Title Speaker of the House of Representatives
Term - duration: 2 years (term of House)
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, death
Appointment - elected by all Members of the House of Representatives on the first day of session of a new Congress
- after mandates have been validated and before Members have been sworn in
Eligibility - any Member may be a candidate
Voting system - formal public vote by roll call
- an absolute majority is required
- if there are several rounds, new candidates are admitted
Procedures / results - the Clerk presides over the House during the voting
- the Clerk supervises the voting
- the Clerk announces the results without delay
- the results cannot be challenged
Status - ranks third in the hierarchy of State
- may act as pro tempore Head of State in case of the absence of the latter and of that of the Vice-President
- the President of the Senate has precedence over the Speaker of the House of Representatives
- the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate co-chair joint sittings of both Chambers
- is an ex officio member of certain advisory boards and certain committees according to the Standing Rules
- is an ex officio member of the House Intelligence Committee
- in case of vacancy, can be replaced by a pro tempore speaker
Material facilities - Speaker's allowance: US $ 171,500/yr
- MP's allowance of US$ 600,000/yr
- special allowance for staff salaries, etc.: US$ 1,444,000
- allowance for leasing and equipping of office : US$ 200,000
- mail allowance: US$ 108,000
allowance for travel to and from the Home district and Washington D.C.
- official car whose chaffeur is a bodyguard
Organization of parliamentary business - examines the admissibility of bills and amendments in a few very specific cases
- refers texts to a committee for study
- designates ad hoc committees
Chairing of public sittings - can only open, adjourn and close sittings on the order of the House
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the House
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak in accordance with the Committee on Rules
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities in specific cases set out in the Standing Orders
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the texts adopted and the records of debates
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the House, based on precedents
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda
Special powers - is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the House
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates as a Member of the House
- takes part in voting as a Member of the House
- proposes bills or amendments

- takes the floor in legislative debates as a Member of the House
- takes part in voting as a Member of the House
- proposes bills or amendments

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