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Asamblea Nacional (National Assembly)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Electoral system module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Asamblea Nacional / National Assembly
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral Law 13 December 1997
Last amendment: 25.06.2015
Mode of designation directly elected 164
other 3
Constituencies For the 113 majority seats
There are 24 constituencies, including:
- 23 multi-member member constituencies, comprising between 2 and 12 seats (for 112 seats);
- 1 single-member constituency.

For the 51 proportional representation seats
There are 24 multi-member constituencies corresponding to the states and the Federal District, as below:
- 21 two-member constituencies (42 seats);
- 3 three-member constituencies (9 seats).
Voting system Mixed: - 113 members are elected under the majority system
- 51 others elected under the proportional representation system using closed party lists; seats are allocated according to the d'Hondt method.
In addition, three seats are reserved for the indigenous community. They are filled by separate elections.
Vacancies arising between general elections are filled by the "next in line" candidate on the same party list.
Voting is compulsory, except in certain specific cases.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Venezuelan citizens and non-citizens who have lived in Venezuela for over 10 years before the election.
Eligibility - qualified elector
- age: 21 years
- Venezuelan citizenship by birth or naturalisation, with a minimum of 15 years residence in the country
- Residence in the region for four consecutive years.
Incompatibilities - President of the Republic, Executive Vice-President, Ministers, Secretary to the Presidency, director of autonomous institute or of State enterprise, up to three months after separation from any such office
- Governors and secretaries of Governor's Offices, of states and similarly ranking authorities of the Capital City District up to three months after separation from such office
- Municipal, State and national officials, and those from autonomous institutes, when the election is held in their jurisdictions, except in cases where the position is temporary or subordinate or for teaching or academic purposes.
Candidacy requirements - candidatures must be submitted independently on the individual's own initiative
- submitted by a political party
- candidates must be enrolled on the electoral register
- submitted by a number of citizens equal to had required by the Constitution or political party
- The list of both titular and substitute candidates under both systems (majority and proportional representation) must meet a 50-per cent quota with a zebra-system (alternation between men and women). In cases where a party cannot ensure parity, the proportion of its candidates of either sex cannot be lower than 40% or higher than 60%.

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