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Skupstina (Parliament)

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Parliament name (generic / translated) Skupstina / Parliament
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Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 2006 -
President Ivan Brajovic (M) 
Notes Elected on 24 Nov. 2016.
Secretary General Aleksandar Jovicevic (M) 
Notes Elected on 23 March 2017.
Members (statutory / current number) 81 / 81

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Women (current number) 19 (23.46%)
Mode of designation directly elected 81
Term 4 years
Last renewal dates 16 October 2016
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Address Parliament of Montenegro
Bulevar Svetog Petra Cetinjskog 10
81 000 Podgorica
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (382 20) 242 182 (President)
244 759 (President)
404 560 (Secretary General)
241 083 (Secretary General)
Fax (382 20) 242 192 (President)
242 641 (Secretary General)
E-mail generalni.sekretar@skupstina.me


Parliament name (generic / translated) Skupstina / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral law 18 February 1998
Last amended on 21 March 2014
Mode of designation directly elected 81
Constituencies - one nationwide constituency of 81 seats
Voting system Proportional: Party-list system (closed list):
Political parties (independently or in coalitions) or groups of citizens submit a single election list.
Seats are attributed according to the highest average system, using the d'Hondt method. Parties or groups which obtain at least 3 per cent of the total valid votes are entitled to parliamentary representation.

Special thresholds:
- For election lists for representatives of certain minority groups or communities, as specified in the election application or title of the electoral list: In the event that none of them surpasses the 3-per-cent threshold but they win separately at least 0.7% of the valid votes, they are entitled to win up to three seats as a single (collective) electoral list based on the total number of valid votes that they collectively win. This special threshold applies to electoral lists representing the same minority groups or communities that account for up to 15% of the total population in the electoral constituency based on the latest census.
- For electoral lists representing Croatians in Montenegro: In cases where none of them wins 3% of the valid votes, or separately wins at least 0.7% of the valid votes, the most successful list that obtains no less than 0.35% of valid votes shall be entitled to one seat.

Vacancies arising between general elections are filled through "next-in-line" candidates from the same party. If the term of office ends for an MP of the less represented gender, the next candidate on the electoral list of the less represented gender shall be elected to replace the MP.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - citizenship of Montenegro (including naturalized citizens)
- age: at least 18 years old on election day
- residence in the country at least 24 months prior to election
- disqualifications: insanity/mental illness, undocumented immigrants
Eligibility - qualified voters
- citizenship of Montenegro (including naturalized citizens)
- age: at least 18 years old on election day
- residence in the country at least 24 months prior to election
Incompatibilities - Head of State
- ministers of State
- officials and other members of Government
- holders of judicial offices (judges)
- President and members of Constitutional Court
- Government advisers
- executives and members of the Electoral Commission
The above-mentioned incompatibilities are valid during the term of office.
Candidacy requirements - nomination by at least 0.8% of voters
- for political parties or groups of citizens that have MPs in the Parliament of Montenegro, the electoral list may be established without supporting signatures
- for political parties or groups of citizens representing minority groups or communities accounting for at least 15 % of the population: 1,000 signatures
- for electoral lists representing minority groups or communities accounting for at least 2% of the population: 300 signatures
- candidatures must be submitted at least 25 days prior to elections
- candidatures may be submitted by political parties, individually or in coalitions, as well as by groups of voters
- there is no mandatory deposit


Parliament name (generic / translated) Skupstina / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 16 October 2016
Timing and scope of renewal The ruling Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) led by Prime Minister Milo Djukanovic remained the largest force in the new parliament but, as before, did not obtain an absolute majority. The main opposition forces - the Democratic Front (DF) and the Grand Coalition Kljuc (Key, see note) - came second and third. They rejected the election results.

Following the elections, the Prime Minister announced that the DPS would form a coalition government with the Social Democrats of Montenegro (SD) as well as parties representing ethnic minorities, which would give the government a total of 42 seats in the 81-member Parliament. Mr. Djukanovic, who was serving a fourth term as Prime Minister, also announced the DPS would nominate Mr. Dusko Markovic as the new prime minister.

During the election campaign, the major parties focused on the country's relationships with the European Union, the Russian Federation and NATO. On the polling day, 20 Serbian citizens were arrested on suspicion of planning to assassinate the Prime Minister. The Special Prosecutor accused unidentified Russian nationalists of planning a coup attempt. The DF said that the coup plot was a fabrication and announced that it would boycott parliament and organize protests.

The Key coalition is led by Mr. Miodrag Lekic and comprises the Democratic Alliance (DEMOS, a splinter party of DF), the Socialist People's Party (SNP) and the United Reform Action (URA).
Date of previous elections: 14 October 2012

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: N/A

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: October 2020

Number of seats at stake: 81 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 1,120 (760 men, 360 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 32.1%

Number of parties contesting the election: 17

Number of parties winning seats: 9

Alternation of power: No

Number of parties in government: 5

Names of parties in government: Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro (DPS), Social Democrats of Montenegro (SD), Bosniak Party (BS), Albanians Decisively (FORCA - DUA - AA), Croatian Civic Initiative (HGI)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 7 November 2016

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Ivan Brajovic (Social Democrats of Montenegro, SD)
Voter turnout
Round no 116 October 2016
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
388'220 (73.41%)

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS)
Democratic Front (DF)
Grand Coalition Kljuc (Key)
Social Democratic Party (SDP)
Social Democrats of Montenegro (SD)
Bosniak Party (BS)
Albanians Decisively (FORCA - DUA - AA)
Croatian Civic Initiative (HGI)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats
Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) 36
Democratic Front (DF) 18
Grand Coalition Kljuc (Key) 9
Democrats 8
Social Democratic Party (SDP) 4
Social Democrats of Montenegro (SD) 2
Bosniak Party (BS) 2
Albanians Decisively (FORCA - DUA - AA) 1
Croatian Civic Initiative (HGI) 1
Distribution of seats according to sex


Percent of women


Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Parliament (01.11.2016, 03.11.2016, 24.11.2016, 29.11.2016, 19.12.2016, 30.12.2016)
The State Election Commission (Drzavna izborna komisija): 30.11.2016


Parliament name (generic / translated) Skupstina / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Title President of the Parliament
Term - Duration: 4 years (term of Chamber)
- Reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, loss of mandate as a member of the Chamber, dissolution of the Chamber, appointment to another office or position, conviction for illegal activities, change of majority in the Chamber, death.
- The Speaker can be removed by members of the Chamber before the end of his/her mandate by a majority vote.
- In cases where the Chamber is dissolved, the Speaker automatically loses his functions.
Appointment - The Speaker is elected by members of the Chamber.
- The election is held at the first session of the newly elected Chamber.
Eligibility - Only members of the Chamber are eligible.
- The Speaker's post is incompatible with any other public posts.
- Former Speakers may seek re-election.
Voting system - There is a formal notification process for the candidate defined in the Standing Orders of the Parliament.
- The Speaker is elected by secret ballot.
- A candidate who receives more than 50% of the votes is declared elected in the first round of voting. If no candidate is elected in the first round, additional rounds will be held. The process is repeated until one candidate obtains a majority.
Procedures / results - The oldest member of the parliament presides over and supervises the parliament during the voting held at its first session and announces the results. The youngest member of the parliament and the Secretary General may assist him/her in his/her duties.
- The results may be challenged.
Status - The Speaker holds the second highest office in the State.
- The Speaker may act as the Head of State.
- In the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker (Vice-President) assumes his/her role and duties.
Board - The Speaker is assisted by the Board (the Collegium).
- The Board is primarily a decision-making body.
- The Board is established according to the Standing Orders for 4 years (term of Chamber).
- The Board consists of the Speaker, the Deputy Speakers and the heads of parliamentary groups, including opposition groups. The Secretary General also participates in the work of the Board, and where necessary, the Chairs of certain committees.
- Meetings of the Board are convened by the Speaker, at his/her initiative or at the initiative of a parliamentary group.
Material facilities - Official car
- Security protection
- Additional staff: up to nine advisers
Organization of parliamentary business The Speaker:
- convenes sessions,
- establishes and modifies the agenda, i.e. the programme and schedule of work,
- organizes the debates and sets speaking times,
- ensures proper organization of the work of the parliament;
- ensures timely and coordinated work of the working bodies of the parliament.
Chairing of public sittings The Speaker:
- opens, adjourns and closes sittings,
- ensures application of the Standing Orders,
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the functioning of the parliament,
- makes announcements concerning the parliament,
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of a disturbance and lifts such measures,
- establishes the list of speakers,
- gives and withdraws permission to speak,
- calls for a vote,
- verifies the voting procedure,
- checks the quorum,
- cancels a vote in the event of irregularities.
- signs acts of parliament.
Special powers The Speaker:
- calls presidential elections,
- proposes candidates for appointment of the Secretary General,
- together with the President of Montenegro and the Prime Minister proposes candidates for appointment of the President of the Supreme Court,
- recruits, assigns and promotes advisers to the Speaker,
- represents the parliament in relations with foreign parliaments and bodies,
- is responsible for safety and discipline in the parliament and may call in the police in the event of a dispute in the parliament,
- as a member of the Defence and Security Council (together with the President and Prime Minister of Montenegro) plays a specific role in foreign affairs and defence matters,
The Speaker must be consulted in the event that the parliament is dissolved.
Speaking and voting rights, other functions The Speaker may:
- take the floor in legislative debates,
- take part in voting.

This page was last updated on 8 November 2017
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