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Majliss-annouwab (House of Representatives)

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Parliament name (generic / translated) Barlaman / Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Majliss-annouwab / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Majlis al-Mustacharin / House of Councillors
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 7 September 2007
Purpose of elections Elections were held for all the seats in the House of Representatives on the normal expiry of the members' term of office.
The parliamentary elections that took place on 7 September 2007 were the second to be held under King Mohammed VI's reign.

In the previous elections held in September 2002 the centre-left Socialist Union of Popular Forces (USFP) came in first with 50 seats as was the case in previous elections since 1997. The Istiqlal Party (PI) took 48 seats while the opposition Justice and Development Party (PJD) took 42. King Mohammed VI named Mr. Driss Jetto as Prime Minister who then formed a government comprising the same parties as the outgoing government: the USFP the PI the National Rally of Independents (RNI) the Popular Movement (MP) the Democratic Forces Front (FFD) the Progress and Socialism Party (PPS) and the Democratic Socialist Party (PSD). In all the coalition government controlled 186 seats in the 325-member House of Representatives.

In 2007 candidates from 33 political parties and 13 groups of independent candidates stood for the elections. Most candidates promised to deal with social problems such as unemployment housing education and infrastructure. Many party programmes set numerical goals to be achieved before the end of the new legislature in 2012. The USFP promised to create two million jobs. The PI pledged to reduce the unemployment rate to less than 7 per cent. The MP said it would improve the education system and adapt it to the needs of the job market. The PJD promised to create 300 000 jobs every year and reduce poverty by half. Pre-election opinion polls indicated strong support for the PJD which was expected to double its number of seats.

Only 37 per cent of the 15 million registered voters turned out at the polls marking the lowest turnout in the kingdom's history.

Some 50 observers from other countries monitored the polls. They praised the spirit of transparency and professionalism observed throughout the entire election campaign. The PJD accused the parties in the outgoing government of buying votes which they firmly denied.

The PI came in first with 52 seats followed by the PJD with 46. The MP and the RNI took 41 and 39 seats respectively. The USFP which had been the largest party in the previous parliament arrived only in fifth position with 38 seats. In all 34 women were elected (including 30 under the national lists reserved for women).

The newly elected House of Representatives held its first session on 12 October. On 16 October it elected Mustapha Mansouri (RNI) as its new Speaker.

In the meantime on 19 September King Mohammed VI named Mr. Abbas El-Fassi of the PI as Prime Minister. On 15 October the King officially named the new 33-member cabinet which included seven women. It comprised the PI the USFP the RNI and the PPS. The MP reportedly refused to join the new government. The PJD remained outside the government.
Voter turnout
Round no 17 September 2007
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes

Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total District seats Women seats Gain/Loss
Istiqlal Party (PI) 52 46 6 4
Justice and Development Party (PJD) 46 40 6 4
Popular Movement (MP) 41 36 5 14
National Rally of Independents (RNI) 39 34 5 -2
Socialist Union of Popular Forces (USFP) 38 33 5 -12
Constitutional Union (UC) 27 27 0 11
Progress and Socialism Party (PPS) 17 14 3 6
Union PND-Al Ahd and its allies 14 14 0
Democratic Forces Front (FFD) 9 9 0 -3
Democratic and social Movement (MDS) 9 9 0 2
Union PADS-CNI-PSU and its allies 6 6 0
Workers' Party (PT) 5 5 0
Environment and Development Party (PED) 5 5 0 3
Independents 5 5 0
Renewal and Equality Party (PRE) 4 4 0
Moroccan Union for Democracy (UMD) 2 2 0
Socialist Party (PS) 2 2 0
Alliance of Liberties (ADL) 1 1 0
Development and Citizenship Initiative (ICD) 1 1 0
Party of Renaissance and Virtue (PRV) 1 1 0
Citizenship Forces Party (PFC) 1 1 0 -1
Distribution of seats according to sex
Percent of women
Distribution of seats according to age
21 to 30 years
31 to 40 years
41 to 50 years
51 to 60 years
61 to 70 years
Over 70 years
Distribution of seats according to profession
The "women's seats" refer to the 30 seats reserved for women. In addition four women were elected from electoral districts bringing the total number of women to 34.

Breakdown of the 14 seats won by the Union PND-ALAHD and its allies:
- Union PND-ALAHD: 9 seats.
- ALAHD Party: 3 seats.
- Democratic National Party (PND): 2 seats.

Breakdown of the six seats won by the Union PADS-CNI-PSU and its allies:
- Union PADS-CNI-PSU: 5 seats
- Ittihadi National Congress (CNI): 1 seat

The official results included the "SAP" which stands for 'sans appartenance politique' in French in other words independents.

- http://www.elections2007.gov.ma/index.aspx
- IPU Group (11.09.2007 25.02.2008)

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