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Bundesrat (Federal Council)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Mandate module

Parliament name -
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Bundesrat / Federal Council
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Deutscher Bundestag / German Bundestag
Nature of the mandate · Linked representation - imperative mandate (see Art. 51 of the Basic Law of 23 May 1949, as amended up to and including 03.11.1995)
Start of the mandate · When the Member is nominated by the respective Land (State) cabinet (see also Art. 51 of the Basic Law)
Validation of mandates · No validation
End of the mandate · On the day when the Land cabinet so decides or when the Member ceases to be a Member of the Land cabinet (see also Art. 51 of the Basic Law)
Can MPs resign? Yes · Yes, of their own free will
· Procedure
· Authority competent to accept the resignation: the resignation does not have to be accepted
Can MPs lose their mandate? Yes (a) Revocation before expiry of mandate by the Land cabinet: grounds for revocation are not limited. The procedure is regulated by Land constitutional law.
(b) Loss of mandate by judicial decision: when a person, by decision of a criminal court, looses his capacity to execute a public office, he ceases to be a Member of the Bundesrat.
Rank in hierarchy · Within Parliament:
1. The President
2. The three Vice-Presidents
3. The Presidents of committees
4. The other Members of the Bundesrat
Indemnities, facilities and services - Diplomatic passport
- No salary
- No special pension scheme
- Other indemnities and facilities:
(a) One office per state (Bundesland) at the headquarters of the Bundesrat
(b) Travel and transport: free rail pass for travelling inside the country
Obligation to declare personal assets No
Parliamentary immunity - parliamentary non-accountability · The concept does not apply to Members of the Bundesrat.
Parliamentary immunity - parliamentary inviolability · The concept does not apply to Members of the Bundesrat.
Training · There is a training/initiation process on parliamentary practices and procedures for MPs.
· It is provided by the Member's respective department within the government of the Land.
· Handbooks of parliamentary procedure:
- Handbuch des Bundesrates (published once a year)
Participation in the work of the Parliament · It is not compulsory for MPs to be present at plenary sittings or committee meetings.

Discipline · There are no rules governing discipline for Members of the Bundesrat.
Code (rules) of conduct · There is no code of conduct for Members of the Bundesrat.
Relations between MPs and pressure group · There are no legal provisions in this field for Members of the Bundesrat.

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