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Assembleia da Republica (Assembly of the Republic)

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Parliament name (generic / translated) Assembleia da Republica / Assembly of the Republic
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Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1979 -
President Verónica Nataniel Macamo Dlovo (F) 
Notes Elected on 12 Jan. 2010, re-elected on 12 Jan. 2015.
Secretary General Armando Mário Correia (M) 
Notes 15 May 2012 -
Members (statutory / current number) 250 / 250

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Women (current number) 99 (39.60%)
Mode of designation directly elected 250
Term 5 years
Last renewal dates 15 October 2014
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Address Assembleia da Republica
C.P. 1516 - MAPUTO
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Phone (258) 21 22 51 00
Fax (258) 21 22 51 79
E-mail sgar@parlamento.org.mz


Parliament name (generic / translated) Assembleia da Republica / Assembly of the Republic
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral law 28 December 1993
Mode of designation directly elected 250
Constituencies - 11 multi-member constituencies (12 to 50 representatives for each, based on population), corresponding to the country's provinces
- 2 single-member constituencies, corresponding to the Mozambican communities in the countries of Europe and Africa, respectively.
Voting system Proportional: Party-list proportional representation system according to d'Hondt method; 5% vote threshold for parties to gain parliamentary representation.
Vacancies which arise between general elections are filled by substitutes chosen alongside titular members.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Mozambican citizenship
- disqualifications: legal deprivation (of right), mental deficiency or insanity, imprisonment or detention
Eligibility Qualified electors
- age: 18 years
- Mozambican citizenship
- ineligibility: persons sentenced to imprisonment for certain offences committed as public servants, habitual offenders.
Incompatibilities - government employment
- paid service for foreign State or international organization
- affiliation with National Electoral Commission
- judges
- civil servants
- members of the armed forces
- career diplomats
Candidacy requirements - membership of political party or coalition of parties


Parliament name (generic / translated) Assembleia da Republica / Assembly of the Republic
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 15 October 2014
Timing and scope of renewal The Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO), which has been in power since independence in 1975, retained the majority in the 250-member National Assembly but saw its share of seats reduced from 191 to 144 . Its main rival, the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO), increased from 51 to 89 seats. The Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM, a splinter party from RENAMO) more than doubled its share from eight to 17 seats. The former Defense Minister Filipe Nyusi (FRELIMO) won the presidential elections defeating RENAMO leader Afonso Dhlakama. Mr. Nyusi is due to succeed outgoing President Armando Guebuza (FRELIMO), who was constitutionally barred from seeking a third presidential term, in January 2015.

The 2014 elections followed a new peace deal between the FRELIMO government and RENAMO on 5 September 2014. Although the two parties had signed a peace deal in 1992 after a 16-year civil war, RENAMO leader Dhlakama took to the bush again in October 2012. He reappeared from RENAMO military bases in the Gorongosa district just a few weeks ahead of the polling day.

During the election campaign, FRELIMO ran on the government's record, promising continuity. Mr. Nyusi presented himself as "the bee that will make honey for all", referring to his name which means "bee" in the local Maconde language. RENAMO leader Dhlakama promised to establish a system that would allow coal miners to benefit from the resources that they extracted. He accused the government of rigging the polls and rejected the election results, but ruled out a return to insurgency. MDM leader Daviz Simango promised to work for economic development and job creation.
Date of previous elections: 28 October 2009

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: October 2019

Number of seats at stake: 250 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: Not available.

Percentage of women candidates: Not available.

Number of parties contesting the election: 29

Number of parties winning seats: 3

Alternation of power: No

Number of parties in government: 1

Names of parties in government: Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 12 January 2015

Name of the new Speaker: Ms. Verónica Nataniel Macamo Dlovo (Mozambican Liberation Front, FRELIMO)
Voter turnout
Round no 115 October 2014
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
5'316'936 (48.49%)

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO)
Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO)
Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats
Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO) 144
Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) 89
Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM) 17
Distribution of seats according to sex


Percent of women


Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Source: Assembly of the Republic (31.10.2014, 28.01.2015)

This page was last updated on 30 August 2018
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