What is the IPU?
Published on the occasion of the 50th session of the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women which reviewed progress made in the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action, this information kit is composed of six data sheets on women's participation in politics over the past 60 years:
From 25 to 27 May 2005, the House of Parliaments was host of the Seminar on Freedom of Expression, Parliament and the Promotion of Tolerant Societies. In organising this event, the Inter-Parliamentary Union had associated itself with an expert organization in the field of freedom of expression, Article 19, the Global Campaign for Free Expression. It was the second seminar organized specifically for chairpersons and members of parliamentary human rights committees. Freedom of expression, the main working tool of members of parliament, is not an absolute right and raises many issues, such as for example defamation and the right to privacy, access to information, media freedom, parliamentary immunity and hate speech. The brochure contains the experts contributions and extracts of the debates.
The regional seminar made it possible for parliamentarians of African countries to exchange views on this subject and to foster a better understanding of the role of parliaments in seeing through the reconciliation process, in particular through the use of transitional justice mechanisms, such as truth commissions, reparation programmes, justice reforms and trials. The seminar was jointly organized by the Parliament of Burundi, the Inter-Parliamentary Union and the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance.
The Second World Conference of Speakers of Parliaments took place in New York at the United Nations Headquarters in September 2005. Over 150 leaders of parliaments gathered there for three days of debate. Their purpose was to see how parliaments could help to bridge the democracy gap in international relations.
This richly illustrated publication offers insights into the events as they played out over the course of the Conference. It looks at the issues underpinning the different items on the Speakers' agenda and describes the panel discussions and other events held alongside the Conference. It also contains a wealth of brief excepts from the statements made by the Speakers and the text of the Declaration adopted at the end of the Conference.
This illustrated booklet reports on the work of the Brussels 2004 session of the Parliamentary Conference on the WTO - a highly successful joint undertaking of the IPU and the European Parliament. The booklet includes speeches at the inuagural session, discussion papers, excerpts of the debate, description of side events and the text of the Declaration adopted at the end of the session.
On 22 and 23 April 2005 the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) held a Conference at the Luxembourg Palace, seat of the French Senate, on parliamentary capacity-building in the field of sustainable development.
Experts and legislators from over 70 countries in every region of the world discussed the role that parliaments and parliamentarians can play in the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals and in advancing the agenda for sustainable development. The Conference included the participation of the IPU Secretary General, Anders B. Johnsson, the Vice-Chair of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the French Senate, Robert del Picchia, the United Nations Assistant Secretary-General and UNITAR Executive Director, Marcel Boisard and the Chair of the Health and Environment Study Group in the French National Assembly, Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet. The Conference addressed major issues such as water, climate change and energy. This publication is a record of the proceedings of that Conference.
An International Round Table on Electoral Standards was organized in November 2004 to mark the 10th anniversary of the IPU's landmark contributions in this field: the Declaration on Criteria for Free and Fair Elections and the study on Free and Fair Elections: International Law and Practice by Dr. Guy Goodwin-Gill. The round table was an opportunity to evaluate how understanding of measurement of "free and fair" elections has advanced since 1994. The revised papers from the round table are contained in this publication. One paper gives insight on the connection between democracy, more generally, and the measurement of "free and fair" elections as one component of democracy. Others analyse three of the methodologies by which electoral events have been measured in recent years. Together, they enrich the current state of knowledge in the field of election standards.
This publication can be ordered from the IPU Secretariat.
More than 200 legislators from all parts of the world gathered in Geneva to share their experience as members of parliamentary human rights committees and to learn from each other, as well as to explore ways and means of enhancing cooperation with international and regional human rights bodies, national human rights institutions, non-governmental organizations and civil society in general. This publication contains the text of the opening statements, the expert's contributions and the concluding observations of the seminar, which was jointly organized by the IPU and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) with the support of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
WOMEN IN POLITICS: 2005 (POSTER) The poster is a "snapshot" of the presence of women in the Executive and Legislative branches of Government, in January 2005. It is published by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women, on the occasion of the 49th session of the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women, which reviewed progress made in the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action. The poster provides information on the percentage of women in ministerial ranks, women in parliaments, women in the highest decision-making bodies (women Presidents of States or Governments, women Presiding Officers of parliamentary bodies), as well as information on the ministerial portfolios held by women throughout the world. Borders are depicted and used on the map in order to present data. They are not the expression of any opinion concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or concerning the delimitation of frontiers or boundaries.
Published on the occasion of the 49th session of the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women which reviewed progress made in the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action., this information kit is composed of six data sheets on women's participation in politics over the past 60 years:
This publication presents the outcomes of the Regional Conference for African Parliaments on "Refugees in Africa: the challenges of protection and solutions" took place in Cotonou, Benin, from 1 to 3 June 2004. Organised by the African Parliamentary Union, in partnership with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and with the sponsorship of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, the Conference aimed to permit an exchange of views among parliamentarians on a subject which is of particular interest in Africa, and to outline lasting future parliamentary and inter-parliamentary action. It was hosted by the National Assembly of Benin. The Declaration and a Programme of Action that were adopted by participants, as well as speeches to the conference, can be found in this publication.
This report compiles the results of and statements delivered at the seminar held in Colombo, Sri Lanka in May 2003 entitled "Parliament and the budgetary process, including from a gender perspective". The seminar was organised at the invitation of the Parliament of Sri Lanka and in partnership with the World Bank Institute, and brought together members of parliament and parliamentary staff from neighbouring countries.
The event was the fourth in a series of seminars organised by the IPU. In addition to some of the more common themes discussed in previous seminars, such as the respective roles of government and parliament in the budgetary process, the meaning of a gender perspective in the budget, and how to conduct a gender impact analysis of the budget, the Colombo seminar placed particular attention on the roles played by the auditor general's office and parliamentary committees, such as public finance and audit committees, as well as on accountability and transparency in the budgetary process.
The Directory, the first edition of which was published in 1990, provides a wealth of information on the role, structure and functioning of some 130 committees in over 80 countries, including contact details of presiding officers and assistants.
This publication aims to help foster a better understanding of the way in which human rights are dealt with in each parliament and to strengthen contacts and partnerships between parliaments and the human rights community in the protection and promotion of human rights.
As part of a series of institution-building projects in Timor-Leste, the IPU and UNDP organised a national seminar on the role of parliament in the budgetary process. The seminar was held in Dili on 8 and 9 May, 2003, just before the second reading session of the Budget. Parliamentarians from all parties attended the seminar. The aim was to equip all Members of Parliament with the necessary tools to effectively scrutinise the Budget.
The report of this seminar compiles all the speeches and statements made during the seminar, and its results.
This report compiles the results of and statements given at the seminar held in Manila, Philippines, from 23-25 July 2002 on "Parliament and the budgetary process, including from a gender perspective". The event, hosted by the Congress of the Republic of the Philippines and organised by the IPU in conjunction with the UNDP and the World Bank Institute, is the third regional seminar of its kind. In addition to some of the more common themes discussed in previous seminars, such as a general introduction to budgetary processes, the role of the auditor, and issues of accountability and transparency, the Manila seminar highlighted the effects of the Asian economic crisis and the fallout from economic destabilisation. As in other regional seminars, sessions were also held on analysing national budgets from a gender perspective, so as to assess how revenue expenditure and raising have differential effects on men and women and determine the best ways of responding to the specific needs of both men and women.
This publication reports on a seminar organised by the IPU in cooperation with the UNDP and supported by the Transitional National Assembly of Rwanda, on 30 and 31 July 2003. The seminar aimed to provide women candidates to the forthcoming legislative elections with training and support. In addition to the General Report of the seminar, this publication includes the presentations of the resource persons on a number of topics including the Constitutional provisions regarding women, the electoral law and process in Rwanda, as well as more practical campaigning advice on funding, links with the media and how to respond to the needs of the electorate.
This illustrated booklet reports on the work of the Geneva 2003 session of the Parliamentary Conference on the WTO - a highly successful joint undertaking of the IPU and the European Parliament. The booklet includes speeches at the inuagural session,discussion papers, excerpts of the debate, the text of the Final Declaration, as well as concluding remarks by rapporteurs and discussants.
This publication reports on the proceedings of the Parliamentary Meeting held on the occasion of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, 29 and 30 August 2002) organized jointly by the Inter-Parliamentary Union and the Parliament of South Africa. It contains highlights of the Meeting and the complete text of the Final Declaration of the Meeting in which participants commit themselves to working through their world organization, the Inter-Parliamentary Union, for a more sustainable and equitable world, and to bringing a parliamentary dimension to the United Nations, the WTO, the Bretton Woods institutions and all such multilateral organizations engaged in implementing the outcome of the Summit. It also contains the text (or extensive excerpts) of statements made at the Meeting.
This report is the result of a joint survey conducted by the Inter-parliamentary Union and the United Nations Development Programme, with the goal of providing information about the relatively new area of assistance to national parliaments.
The report, which offers an overview of technical assistance programmes implemented in African parliaments in the 1990's, presents an analysis of a number of projects based on data provided for 25 African parliaments. In addition, it examines the impact of the projects surveyed on beneficiary parliaments, as well as general trends, strengths and weaknesses of technical assistance programmes implemented during the period covered. The reader will also find a series of recommendations aiming at improving the design and implementation of similar future interventions.
This publication reports on a seminar organised by the IPU in cooperation with UNDP, and with the support of the World Bank Institute in Bamako, from 1 to 3 November 2001, at the invitation of the Parliament of Mali. It is the second IPU regional seminar on the issue. The first seminar for English-speaking African parliaments was held in Kenya, in May 2000.
The brochure contains quotes from the statements made by participants, the speeches delivered during the inaugural and closing ceremonies, the texts of the papers presented by the resource persons as well as the General Report that was approved by the participants at the end of the seminar.
This publication reports on the seminar organised in Kigali in June 2001 by the IPU in cooperation with UNDP, with input from UNIFEM and UNECA. It includes a summary of the proceedings and the guidelines adopted by participants. It also contains inaugural and concluding speeches as well as the presentations by the resource persons.
This illustrated brochure reports on the work of the first ever global parliamentary meeting on international trade which was organised by the Inter-Parliamentary Union in Geneva on 8 and 9 June 2001. In addition to the texts of keynote presentations, hearings with WTO Director General, Mr. M. Moore, and excerpts from the debates on the three substantive themes of the agenda, the brochure contains the text of the Final Declaration and the summary of the debate made by the Chair at the closing session.
This publication reports on the proceedings of the first world summit of speakers of national parliamentary assemblies, organised by the Inter-Parliamentary Union in cooperation with the United Nations on 30 August - 1 September 2000, and held at UN Headquarters in New York on the occasion of the Summit of Heads of State and Government as part of the millennium celebrations. It contains the complete text of the Final Declaration of the Conference, in which the MPs pledge to endow international cooperation with a parliamentary dimension. The Declaration calls for parliaments be given more opportunities to use their world organisation, the Inter-Parliamentary Union, to express the views of the people in the process of international cooperation. It also contains the texts (or extensive excerpts) of all statements as well as the photo of the presiding officers attending this unprecedented event.
This publication reports on a seminar organised by the IPU in cooperation with UNDP that took place in Nairobi, from 22 to 24 May 2000, at the invitation of the Kenyan Parliament. It aimed at improving MPs' and parliamentary staffers' understanding of the three phases of the budgetary process (elaboration, reading in Parliament and oversight) and its gender implications. Representatives of 18 English-speaking African parliaments discussed the respective roles of Government and Parliament in the budget process; the need for accountability and transparency in the budget process; Parliamentary oversight of the budget: reading, analysing and questioning; gender impact analysis of the budget; mechanisms and methods for developing a gender-sensitive budget, including gender disaggregated data.
The brochure contains a wealth of quotes from the statements made by participants, the speeches delivered during the inaugural and closing ceremonies, the texts of the papers presented by the resource persons as well as the Key Issues and Guidelines that were adopted by the participants at the end of the seminar.
Published on the occasion of the "Beijing+5" Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly, this information kit presents five data sheets on women's participation in politics over the past 55 years: 1. Historical table on the institutional and legal evolution of States and the presence of women in national parliaments; 2. A chronology of women Heads of State or Government; 3. An overview of women in the executive and legislative branches; 4. Progress and setbacks of women in the lower or single House of national parliaments; 5. Women in the two parliamentary regional assemblies elected by direct suffrage; 6. "A global analysis: What has worked for women in politics and what has not, 1975-1998". The latter text reproduces an analysis presented at the second CAPWIP Congress held in 1998.
The booklet contains the complete text of the Guidelines as well as the accompanying IPU Council resolution which was unanimously adopted in May 2000 in Amman. The booklet is addressed primarily to Webmasters, information technology experts and all those working in the field of parliamentary information and involved in planning and realization of parliamentary Web sites. The Guidelines should be of particular interest to those parliaments that are currently embarking on Web-related projects.
The poster is a "snapshot" of the presence of women in the Executive and Legislative branches of Government, in March 2000. It is published by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and the United Nations Department of Public Information, on the occasion of the Beijing + 5 Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly. Information on the Executive branch covers the 151 States which submitted data. The poster indicates whether a woman is Head of State or government and shows the number of women in government and how the ministerial portfolios are distributed. For the legislative branch, the poster gives figures and country colour-coding to illustrate the number of women in 174 of the 177 existing national parliaments and the two directly elected regional parliamentary assemblies. It also shows which national parliaments are presided over by women. Borders are depicted and used on the map in order to present data. They are not the expression of any opinion concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or concerning the delimitation of frontiers or boundaries.
Based on a series of interviews with women politicians conducted by the Inter-Parliamentary Union during 1999 on the basis of a questionnaire, this study analyses the political experience of some 200 women from all over the world. It highlights women's specific contribution to the political process and the changes to which their presence on the political scene has led in the prevailing political culture, mores and environment, as well as in parties, parliaments and governments. It reports on their successes, their difficulties and their expectations. Statistics and records of personal experience enliven the text and sharpen its focus.
From 5 to 9 June 2000, the United Nations General Assembly will hold a Special Session to take stock of national, regional and international follow-up to the Declaration and Platform for Action adopted by the Fourth World Conference on Women, held in Beijing in September 1995.
Subtitled "An assessment of developments in national parliaments, political parties, government and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, five years after the Fourth World Conference on Women", the study analyses answers received from parliaments and political parties to the surveys undertaken since October 1998 on follow-up to Beijing. This study will be brought to the attention of the United Nations as a contribution to the Special Session of the General Assembly.