|Parliament name (generic / translated)
||Azgayin Zhoghov / National Assembly
|Structure of parliament
|Nature of the mandate
||· Free representation (Art. 66 (1) of the Constitution of 05.07.1995)
|Start of the mandate
||· On the opening day of the first session of the newly elected Parliament (Art. 63 (2) of the Constitution)
|Validation of mandates
||· Validation by the Constitutional Court only in case of challenge (Art. 100, No. 3 of the Constitution)
· Procedure (Art. 101 (1) No. 3, (2), and 102 of the Constitution)
|End of the mandate
||· On the opening day of the first session of the newly elected Parliament (Art. 67 (1) in connection with Art. 63 (2) of the Constitution) (for early dissolution, see Art. 67 (1) in connection with Art. 55, No. 3, and 63 (3) to (5) of the Constitution)
|Can MPs resign?
||· Of their own free will (see also Art. 67 (1) of the Constitution)
· Procedure: submission of an application of resignation
· Authority competent to accept the resignation: the National Assembly
|Can MPs lose their mandate ?
|| (a) Loss of mandate for incompatibilities (Art. 67 (1) in connection with Art. 65 (1) of the Constitution)
(b) Loss of mandate for ineligibility (Art. 67 (1) in connection with Art. 64 and 27 (2) of the Constitution)
(c) Loss of mandate for unexcused absences from half of the floor votes during a single session (Art. 67 (1) of the Constitution)
|STATUS OF MEMBERS
|Rank in hierarchy
||· Within Parliament:
· Outside Parliament:
|Indemnities, facilities and services
||· Diplomatic passport
· Basic salary (see Art. 65 (2) of the Constitution): US$ 80
· No exemption from tax
· No pension scheme
· Other facilities:
(a) Postal and telephone services
(b) Travel and transport
|Obligation to declare personal assets
|Parliamentary immunity - parliamentary non-accountability
||· The concept does exist (Art. 66 (1) of the Constitution).
· Parliamentary non-accountability is limited to words spoken or written by MPs and votes cast within Parliament. (Parliamentary non-accountability applies to words spoken and written by MPs both within and outside Parliament.)
· Derogations: slanderous or defamatory expressions
|Parliamentary immunity - parliamentary inviolability
||· The concept does exist (Art. 66 (2) of the Constitution).
· It applies to criminal and administrative proceedings, covers all offences and protects MPs from arrest and from being held in preventive custody, from the opening of judicial proceedings against them and from their homes being searched.
· No derogations are foreseen.
· Parliamentary inviolability does not prevent MPs from being called as witnesses before a judge or tribunal.
· Parliamentary immunity (inviolability) can be lifted (Art. 66 (2) of the Constitution:
- Competent authority: the National Assembly
|EXERCISE OF THE MANDATE
||· There is no training/initiation process on parliamentary practices and procedures for MPs.
· Handbooks of parliamentary procedure:
|Participation in the work of the Parliament
||· It is not compulsory for MPs to be present at plenary sittings and committee meetings
· Penalties foreseen in case of failure to attend (Art. 67 (1) of the Constitution): loss of mandate
· Body competent to judge such cases/to impose penalties:
||· The rules governing discipline within Parliament are contained in the Rules of Procedure.
|Code (rules) of conduct
||· This concept does not exist in the country's juridical system but there are some relevant provisions (Art. 67 (1) in connection with Art. 65 (1) of the Constitution).
· Penalties foreseen for violation of the rules of conduct (Art. 67 (1) in connection with Art. 65 (1) of the Constitution): loss of mandate
|Relations between MPs and pressure group
||· There are no legal provisions in this field.