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Majlis Al-Nuwab (House of Representatives)

This page contains the full text of the PARLINE database entry on the selected parliamentary chamber, with the exception of Specialized bodies modules which, because of their excessive length, can be only viewed and printed separately.


Parliament name -
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Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1924 - 2013
2016 -
President Ali Abdel Aal Sayed Ahmed (M) 
Notes Elected on 10 Jan. 2016.
Secretary General Ahmed Saad Eldin Muhamed (M) 
Members (statutory / current number) 596 / 596

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Women (current number) 89 (14.93%)
Mode of designation directly elected 568
appointed 28
Notes Appointed members: appointed by the President.
Term 5 years
Last renewal dates 17 October 2015
2 December 2015 (View details)
Address Majlis Al-Nuwab
House of Representatives
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (202) 279 40 131
279 57 012
Fax (202) 279 48 977
E-mail publicopinion@parliament.gov.eg


Parliament name -
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral law 6 June 2014
Last amendment: 9 July 2015
Mode of designation directly elected 568
appointed 28
Constituencies - 205 constituencies (comprising between one and four seats each) for 448 seats filled under the majority system

Four electoral constituencies for 120 members elected through lists:
- two 15-member constituencies
- two 45-member constituencies
Voting system Mixed: Parallel Systems
- 448 seats are filled by the majority system (two-round system). The candidate winning a majority of the votes is declared elected. If necessary, a second round is held ten days after the first round.
- 120 seats are filled through Party Block Vote (PBV). The list obtaining the highest number of valid votes is entitled to fill all the seats in the constituency concerned.
Sshould no lists meet the above-mentioned requirements, run-off elections will be held.

Vacancies between general elections are filled within 60 days through by-elections for the members elected under the majority system, unless the House term is scheduled to end within six months. Vacancies for candidates elected through lists are filled based on the political agreement reached by the candidates on the list.

Voting is compulsory; failure to do so can result in a fine of 500 Egyptian pounds.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Egyptian citizenship (or naturalized for at least five years)
- disqualifications: Police and military officers, unrehabilitated persons convicted of a felony, persons whose property is under sequestration, persons who have been imprisoned for certain crimes, civil servants or employees of the public sector dismissed for dishonourable reasons (in the five years preceding the election), and persons placed under guardianship within five years of election
- suspension of rights: persons of unsound mind or undischarged bankrupts
Eligibility - qualified voters
- age: 25 years
- Egyptian citizenship (or naturalized for at least 10 years)
- descendant of an Egyptian father
- proficiency in reading and writing
- completion of/exemption from military service
Incompatibilities unless excepted:
- government and public sector posts/employees
- holders of posts in foreign companies
- membership of other assemblies or councils
- mayors
- mayors
Candidacy requirements - In the two 15-member districts, each list must include at least three Christians, two workers or farmers, two young people (those between 25 and 35 years old at the moment of candidature), one disabled person, and one expatriate. In the two 45-member districts, each list must comprise three times that number for each category. Half of each list is reserved for women.


Parliament name -
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) (from/to)17 October 2015
2 December 2015
Timing and scope of renewal The 2015 parliamentary elections consolidated the position of President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, who assumed office in June 2014. They were the first to be held since the July 2013 uprising that ousted the previous President Mohamed Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood. The country had been without a functioning parliament since June 2012.

"In Love of Egypt" (Fi Hob Misr, see note 1), a 10-party coalition formed in February 2015 in response to President Al-Sisi's call for a unified front in parliament, won all 120 seats under the proportional representation system. The parties in the In Love of Egypt coalition also took around 60 of the 448 seats filled under the majority system. In addition, over 70 independent candidates are allied with the coalition. With over 250 seats, the In the In Love of Egypt coalition became the largest force in the new unicameral 596-member House of Representatives, which also includes 28 presidential appointees.

Only three parties outside the In Love of Egypt coalition took more than ten seats. The Republican People's Party, led by Mr. Hizb al Shab al Gomhory, includes former ministers and members of the National Democratic Party (NDP, see note 2) from the time of the former President Hosni Mubarak. El Nour, a Salafist party led by Mr. Younis Makhyoun, joined Mr. Al-Sisi and other forces in removing former President Morsi from office in July 2013. The third party to win seats outside the In Love of Egypt coalition was the Guards of the Homeland party (Homat Al Watan).

Both phases of the elections saw low voter turnout: 28.27% in the first phase and 29.83% in the second phase. During the election campaign, many candidates focused on economic development, the minimum wage, medical care and education. In all, 75 women were elected, a record in Egypt. On 31 December, President Sisi appointed 28 parliamentarians, including 14 women, bringing the total number of women in the House of Representatives to 89. The House also comprises 173 members below 45 years old, including 16 young people (those between 25 and 35 years old). The convening of the newly elected House of Representatives on 10 January 2016 marked the end of the transitional roadmap started in 2013.

Note 1:
The "In Love of Egypt" coalition comprises, amongst others, the Free Egyptians Party (Al Masreyeen Al-Ahrar), founded by Naguib Sawiris; the Nation's Future Party, founded in 2013 by 24-year old Mohamed Badran (the head of the student union); and the New Wafd party, led by Mr. El-Sayyid el-Badawi. Other parties in the coalition are the Reform and Development Misruna Party, the Conference Party (Hezb Al-Tagammu, which is itself a union of various leftist and liberal parties), the Conservative party (which withdrew from the coalition but re-joined it), Tamarod (Rebel), the Modern Egypt Party, the Reform and Renaissance Party and the Sadat Democratic Party. The coalition also includes businessmen and former ministers and NDP members. The coalition is led by Mr. Sameh Seif El-Yazal.

Note 2:
The NDP was dissolved following the uprising that toppled President Mubarak in 2011. The Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), formed by the Muslim Brotherhoodwon elections to the People's Assembly and the Shoura Assembly of the then bicameral parliament in 2011 and 2012. The FJP's candidate, Mr. Mohamed Morsi won presidential elections held in 2012.
Date of previous elections: 28 November 2011 & 11 January 2012*
*The election dates for the People's Assembly, the lower chamber of the bicameral parliament, dissolved in July 2013, which also comprised the Shoura Assembly. The elections to the defunct Shoura Assembly had been held on 29 January & 22 February 2012.

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 14 June 2012*
*Dissolved by the Supreme Constitutional Court.

Timing of election: Delayed elections*
*According to the Constitution, approved in a referendum held in January 2014, parliamentary or presidential elections were due within 90 days after the adoption of the constitution. The other election should be held up to six months later. Since the presidential elections were held in May 2014, parliamentary elections were due by November 2014.

Expected date of next elections: November 2020

Number of seats at stake: 568 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 5,420 (5,112 men, 308 women) under the majority system

Percentage of women candidates: 5.7%

Number of parties contesting the election: 9 for the proportional representation system and over 80 parties under the majority system.

Number of parties winning seats: 19

Alternation of power: not applicable*
*The previous parliament was dissolved by the army.

Number of parties in government: N/A*
*The government led by Prime Minister Sherif Ismail, formed in September 2015, continues to function after the 2015 elections.

Names of parties in government: N/A

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 10 January 2016

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Ali Abd Elall Sayed Ahmed ("In Love of Egypt", Fi Hob Misr)
Voter turnout
Round no 1 (from/to)17 October 2015
2 December 2015
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
15'206'010 (28.27%)

Notes Turnout figures for the first phase.
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Free Egyptians Party (Al Masreyeen Al-Ahrar)
Nation's Future Party (Mostakbal Watan)
New Wafd party (Al Wafd El Gadeed)
Homat Al Watan (Guards of the Homeland)
Republican People's party (El Shaab el Gomhory)
Conference Party
Conservative Party
El Salam El Gomhory (Democracy)
Modern Egypt Party (Masr Al Haditha)
Egyptian Social Democratic Party
Egyptian National Movement (El haraka el Wataneya)
Freedom (Al-Horreya)
Misr Balady ("My country Egypt")
Reform and Development Misruna Party
Progressive Nationalist Unionist Party (El Tagamo El Takadomy)
Revolution Party
Arab Democratic Nasserist Party
El Sarh Al Masry Al-Hor
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats Appointed members
Independents 351 28
Free Egyptians Party (Al Masreyeen Al-Ahrar) 65
Nation's Future Party (Mostakbal Watan) 53
New Wafd party (Al Wafd El Gadeed) 36
Homat Al Watan (Guards of the Homeland) 18
Republican People's party (El Shaab el Gomhory) 13
Conference Party 12
El-Nour 11
Conservative Party 6
El Salam El Gomhory (Democracy) 5
Modern Egypt Party (Masr Al Haditha) 4
Egyptian Social Democratic Party 4
Egyptian National Movement (El haraka el Wataneya) 4
Freedom (Al-Horreya) 3
Misr Balady ("My country Egypt") 3
Reform and Development Misruna Party 3
Progressive Nationalist Unionist Party (El Tagamo El Takadomy) 2
Revolution Party 1
Arab Democratic Nasserist Party 1
El Sarh Al Masry Al-Hor 1
Distribution of seats according to sex


Percent of women


Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Source: House of Representatives (08.11.2015, 16.12.2015, 17.01.2016, 18.01.2016, 19.01.2016, 09.02.2016)

Note on the number of women:
Seventy-five women were directly elected and 14 others were appointed by the President.

Note on the election dates:
- The first phase of the parliamentary elections was held in 14 of the 27 governorates from 17 to 19 October 2015 (with run-offs from 26 to 28 October). A total of 286 seats were contested: 226 under the majority system and 60 under proportional representation.
- The second phase was held for the remaining 13 governorates from 21 to 23 November (with run-offs from 30 November to 2 December). In all, 222 seats were contested under the majority system and 60 under proportional representation.
- The Supreme Electoral Commission invalidated the run-off election results for 13 seats in the first phase and three in the second phase. Fresh run-off elections for the 16 seats were held from 14 to 16 December.

This page was last updated on 30 August 2018
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