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Eduskunta - Riksdagen (Parliament)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Last elections module

A historical Archive of past election results for this chamber can be found on a separate page

Parliament name (generic / translated) Eduskunta - Riksdagen / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 19 April 2015
Purpose of elections The Centre Party (KESK) led by IT millionaire Juha Sipila became the largest party with 49 seats in the 200 member parliament. It was followed by the nationalist Finns Party (formerly "True Finns"), led by Mr. Timo Soini. The four parties in the outgoing government led by the National Coalition Party (KOK) (see note) took a total of 85 seats. On 29 April, President Sauli Niinistö opened the newly elected Parliament. On 29 May, it approved a coalition government led by Mr. Sipila, comprising KESK, Finns Party and KOK.

The 2015 elections were held as the country entered its fourth year of recession, due mainly to the slow-down in its two main industries: mobile phones and timber. It was further damaged by the turbulence in Russia, a major trading partner. During the election campaign, parties focused on ways to boost the economy and the possibility of an additional bailout plan for Greece.

The government formed by Mr. Jyrki Katainen in 2011 comprised six parties: The National Coalition Party (KOK), the Social Democratic Party (SDP), the Left Alliance (Vas), Swedish People's Party (RKP), the Green League (Vihr) and the Christian Democrats (KD). Mr. Alexander Stubb succeeded Mr. Katainen as Prime Minister in June 2014. Mr. Stubb's coalition government initially comprised the same parties except for the Left Alliance (Vas), but after the Green League withdrew from the government in September 2014, the coalition comprised only four parties: the KOK, the SDP, the RKP and the KD.
Date of previous elections: 17 April 2011

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 22 April 2015

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: April 2019

Number of seats at stake: 200 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 2,146 (1,301 men, 845 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 39.4%

Number of parties contesting the election: 16

Number of parties winning seats: 8

Alternation of power: Yes

Number of parties in government: 3

Names of parties in government: Centre Party (KESK), Finns Party (PS) and the National Coalition Party (KOK)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 29 April 2015

Name of the new Speaker: Ms. Maria Lohela Finns Party, PS)

Voter turnout
Round no 119 April 2015
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
2'957'163 (70.05%)

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
Center Party (KESK)
The Finns Party (PS)
National Coalition Party (KOK)
Social Democratic Party (SDP)
Green League (Vihr)
Left Alliance (Vas)
Swedish People's Party (RKP)
Christian Democrats (KD)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total
Center Party (KESK) 49
The Finns Party (PS) 38
National Coalition Party (KOK) 37
Social Democratic Party (SDP) 34
Green League (Vihr) 15
Left Alliance (Vas) 12
Swedish People's Party (RKP) 9
Christian Democrats (KD) 5
Others 1
Distribution of seats according to sex
Percent of women
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Parliament (27.05.2015, 29.05.2019, 01.01.2017)

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