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Sakartvelos Parlamenti (Parliament)

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Parliament name (generic / translated) Sakartvelos Parlamenti / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) (from/to)8 October 2016
30 October 2016
Purpose of elections Prime Minister Giorgi Kvirikashvili's Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia (see note) won 115 seats in the 150-member Parliament, up from 85 that it took in 2012. It thus secured the three-fifths majority required to adopt constitutional amendments. The opposition United National Movement (UNM), founded by former President Mikheil Saakashvili, fell from 65 to 27 seats. The UNM was led by Mr. Davit Bakradze, replacing Mr. Saakashvili who became governor of Ukraine's Odessa region in May 2015 (and lost his Georgian citizenship). The Alliance of Patriots of Georgia, a pro-Russian party, took six seats.

The 2016 elections were the first to be held under President Georgy Margvelashvili (independent, backed by the Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia). Since the presidential election in October 2013, there have been three prime ministers: the founder of the Georgian Dream coalition, Mr. Bidzina Ivanishvili, resigned in November 2013; his successor Mr. Irakli Gharibashvili resigned in December 2015 and was followed by Mr. Kvirikashvili. During the 2016 election campaign, Prime Minister Kvirikashvili promised to boost economic and cultural ties with Russia and to work for constitutional amendments. The UNM pledged to prevent one party rule in Georgia.

The Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia party was part of the "Georgian Dream coalition" that won the previous elections in 2012 and which initially comprised six parties, listed below. Three parties - National Forum , the Republican Party of Georgia (led by Speaker David Usupashvili ) and Our Georgia - Free Democrats – subsequently left the coalition, and all parties competed separately in the 2016 elections.
- Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia
- Conservative Party of Georgia
- Industry will save Georgia
- National Forum
- Republican Party of Georgia
- Our Georgia - Free Democrats
Date of previous elections: 1 October 2012

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 18 November 2016*
*The outgoing legislature is dissolved after the first plenary sitting of the newly elected Parliament.

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: October 2020

Number of seats at stake: 150 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 816 candidates under the majority system (673 men, 143 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 17.5% under the majority system and about 37% under the proportional representation system.

Number of parties contesting the election: 25*
*Including six coalitions.

Number of parties winning seats: 4

Alternation of power: No

Number of parties in government: 1

Names of parties in government: Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 18 November 2016

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Irakli Kobakhidze (Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia)
Voter turnout
Round no 1 (from/to)8 October 2016
30 October 2016
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia
United National Movement (UNM)
Alliance of Patriots of Georgia
Industry Will Save Georgia-Our Fatherland
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total Proportional Majority
Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia 115 44 71
United National Movement (UNM) 27 27 0
Alliance of Patriots of Georgia 6 6 0
Industry Will Save Georgia-Our Fatherland 1 0 1
Independents 1 0 1
Distribution of seats according to sex
Percent of women
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Parliament (24.11.2016, 29.11.2016)
BBC Monitoring

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