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Majles Shoraye Eslami (Islamic Parliament of Iran)

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Parliament name (generic / translated) Majles Shoraye Eslami / Islamic Parliament of Iran
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral Law 28 February 1984
Last amendment: 28 Nov. 1999
Mode of designation directly elected 285
other 5
Constituencies 207 single or multi-member constituencies.
Voting system Majority: Two-Round System (TRS)
- In order to be elected, a candidate must, in his/her constituency, obtain at least 25% of the votes cast in the first round and a simple majority in the second. The number of candidates who may run in the second round is restricted to those in the lead and to twice the number of seats to be filled in the constituency concerned. If the number is less than double, all remaining candidates may run. If those remaining are equal to or less than the number of unfilled seats, the second round is not held and the results of the first ballot are conclusive.
- One seat each is reserved for the following minorities: Zoroastrians; Jews; Assyrian and Chaldean Christians; Armenian Christians in the north of the country; and Armenian Christians in the south of the country.
- Vacancies arising between general elections are filled through by-elections. No by-elections are, however, held within the last year of the legislature's term, unless the total number of filled Assembly seats falls below 200.
- Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Iranian citizenship
- disqualifications: insanity
Eligibility Qualified electors
- age: 30 to 75 years
- Iranian citizenship
- belief in and active obligation to Islam and the system prevailing in the country (candidates of religious minorities exempted from obligation to Islam)
- pledged faithfulness to the Constitution
- sufficient literacy
- physical well-being
- ineligibility: persons who played leading roles in strengthening the former (pre-Islamic) regime, large landowners, persons belonging to illegal groups, those convicted of action against the State or apostasy, drug addicts
Incompatibilities - President of the Republic and his counsellors
- Prime Minister, Ministers, Deputy Ministers and their advisers
- members of the Council of Guardians
- members of the High Judicial Council
- Head of the Administrative Court of Justice
- Head of General Inspection
- certain public officials and religious leaders
- members of the armed forces
Candidacy requirements (data unavailable)

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