Print this pagePrint this page
PARLINE database new searchNew search
Seimas (Parliament)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Presidency module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Seimas / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Title Speaker of the Seimas
Term - duration: 4 years (term of House)
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, death, dissolution of the Seimas
Appointment - elected by all Members of the Seimas
- the election is held at the opening sitting of the newly elected Seimas, 15 days after the legislative elections
- after mandates have been validated and Members have been sworn in
Eligibility - any Member of the Seimas may be a candidate but his/her formal application must be supported by at least one-tenth of the Members of Parliament
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- a simple majority is required
several rounds may be held and the candidates who have obtained the least votes must withdraw
Procedures / results - the senior Member presides over the Seimas during the voting
- the Vote-Counting Committee supervises the voting
- the outgoing Chairman announces the results without delay
- the results may be challenged
Status - ranks second in the hierarchy of State
- can act as interim Head of State in certain cases
- represents the Seimas in international bodies
- in the absence of the Chairman, the Vice-Chairman can assume his/her role and functions in agreement with the Seimas
Board - is regulated by the Standing Orders
- consists of the Chairman, three Vice-Chairmen and the Leaders of the parliamentary groups
- meets twice weekly at the initiative of the Chairman
- is in fact a collegiate presidency
Material facilities - allowance
+ expense allowance
- official car
- secretariat
- bodyguards
Organization of parliamentary business - organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- announces the bills and amendments adopted
- refers texts to a committee for study, in agreement with the Seimas
- examines the admissibility of requests for setting up committees and/or committees of enquiry, proposes or decides on the setting-up of such committees, in agreement with the Seimas
The Board of the Seimas convenes sessions
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the Seimas
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- gives and withdraws permission to speak, alternating between majority and opposition MPs
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- authenticates the texts adopted and the records of debates
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates, in agreement with the Seimas
Special powers The Board of the Seimas:
- establishes the budget
- recruits, assigns and promotes staff
- appoints the Clerk
- organizes the services of Parliament
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Seimas

Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates
- may vote last
- proposes bills or amendments by leaving his seat
- intervenes in the parliamentary oversight procedure
- signs laws before transmitting them to the Head of State for promulgation
- is empowered to nominate three justices to the Constitutional Court

Copyright 1996-2016 Inter-Parliamentary Union