Print this pagePrint this page
PARLINE database new searchNew search
Seimas (Parliament)

This page contains the full text of the PARLINE database entry on the selected parliamentary chamber, with the exception of Oversight and Specialized bodies modules which, because of their excessive length, can be only viewed and printed separately.


Parliament name (generic / translated) Seimas / Parliament
More photos  >>>
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1923 - 1928
1991 -
President Viktoras Pranckietis (M) 
Notes Elected on 14 Nov. 2016.
Secretary General Daiva Raudoniene (F) 
Notes Appointed on 18 Dec. 2014.
Members (statutory / current number) 141 / 141

More statistics  >>>
Women (current number) 30 (21.28%)
Mode of designation directly elected 141
Term 4 years
Last renewal dates 9 October 2016
23 October 2016 (View details)
Address Seimas
53 Gedimino Ave.
LT- 01109 Vilnius
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (370 5) 239 64 93
Fax (370 5) 239 63 39
E-mail laura.sumskiene@lrs.lt


Parliament name (generic / translated) Seimas / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral law 25 October 1962
Last amendment: 27/06/1996
Mode of designation directly elected 141
Constituencies - 71 single-member constituencies
- 1 multi-member (70 seats) nationwide constituency
Voting system Mixed: Mixed system:
- A candidate shall be considered elected in a single-member constituency, if not less than 40 percent of the registered voters of that constituency have participated in the elections, and the said candidate has received more than half the votes cast by the registered voters. If less than 40 percent of the registered voters of that constituency have participated in the elections, the candidate who has received the majority, but not less than one-fifth of the votes cast by all the registered voters of that constituency, shall be considered to have been elected.
- If more than two candidates have participated in the elections and none has been elected pursuant to above-mentioned procedure, a second poll is held after two weeks, in which the two candidates who have received the majority of votes shall participate In this case, the candidate who has received more votes, regardless of the number of voters, shall be considered to have been elected. In the event of a tie, the candidate who received more votes during the initial poll shall be declared elected. If both candidates received an equal amount of votes during the initial poll, lots are drawn to determine the winner.
- nationwide party-list proportional system, on the basis of the simple quotient and greatest remainders rules, with the country as a whole forming one constituency (for 70 seats). In order for the election to be valid, at least 25% of the electorate must have cast its vote.
- Vacancies arising between general elections are filled through by-elections (in the single-member constituencies) or by the "next-in-line" candidates of the same party (in the multi-member constituency).
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Lithuanian citizenship
- disqualifications: incapability declared by a court of law
Eligibility Qualified electors
- age: 25 years
- Lithuanian citizenship
- permanent residence in Lithuania
- ineligibility: past service of court-imposed sentence
Incompatibilities - membership of the armed forces, police and similar services
Candidacy requirements - candidatures submitted by duly registered political parties, or individuals (in single-member constituencies) with the support of no less than 1,000 electors. A security deposit equal to one average monthly wage must be paid. This sum is reimbursed if the individual candidate wins.
- lists of not less than 25 candidates (in multi-member constituencies) submitted by duly registered political parties. A security deposit equal to 20 average monthly wages must be paid. This sum is reimbursed if the list becomes eligible for distribution of seats by having obtained at least 5% of the votes cast.


Parliament name (generic / translated) Seimas / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) (from/to)9 October 2016
23 October 2016
Timing and scope of renewal The Lithuanian Peasant and Greens Union (LVZS), which held only one seat in the outgoing legislature, won a surprise victory, taking 54 seats in the 141-member Parliament. Mr. Saulius Skvernelis, a popular former police chief, led the LVLS election campaign together with the party chairman and wealthy businessman, Mr. Ramunas Karbauskis. Prime Minister Algirdas Butkevicius' Lithuanian Social Democratic Party (LSDP) - the largest party in the outgoing legislature - finished third, behind the Homeland Union - Lithuanian Christian Democrats (TS-LKD), led by Mr. Gabrielius Landsbergis. On 9 November, the LVZS and the LSDP signed a coalition agreement.

The 2016 elections were the first to be held since the country introduced the euro in 2015. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on economic growth, stopping the emigration of Lithuanians and measures to raise living standards and minimum wages. Over the last ten years, the growth rate halved to around 2-3% per year and the population has fallen from 3.3 to 2.9 million people.

New boundaries were used for the 71 single-member constituencies following the October 2015 ruling of the Constitutional Court which ruled the previous constituencies unconstitutional (due to a 50-per-cent population disparity between the largest and smallest constituencies). The Election Commission re-allotted the constituency boundaries in December 2015.
Date of previous elections: 14 & 28 October 2012

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 14 November 2016

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: October 2020

Number of seats at stake: 141 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 1,415 (973 men, 442 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 31.2%

Number of parties contesting the election: 14*
*including 2 coalitions.

Number of parties winning seats: 10

Alternation of power: Yes

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 14 November 2016

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Viktoras Pranckietis (Lithuanian Peasant and Greens Union, LVZS)
Voter turnout
Round no 1 (from/to)9 October 2016
23 October 2016
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
1'272'734 (50.61%)

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Lithuanian Peasant and Green Union (LVZS)
Homeland Union - Lithuanian Christian Democrats (TS-LKD)
Lithuanian Social Democratic Party (LSDP)
Liberals Movement of the Republic of Lithuania (LRLS)
Lithuanian Poles' Electoral Action (LLRA-KSS)
Order and Justice Party (PTT)
Labour Party (DP)
Lithuanian Green Party (LZS)
Political Party "List of Lithuania" (PPLS)
Lithuanian Centre Party (LCP)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats Multi-member Single-member
Lithuanian Peasant and Green Union (LVZS) 54 19 35
Homeland Union - Lithuanian Christian Democrats (TS-LKD) 31 20 11
Lithuanian Social Democratic Party (LSDP) 17 13 4
Liberals Movement of the Republic of Lithuania (LRLS) 14 8 6
Lithuanian Poles' Electoral Action (LLRA-KSS) 8 5 3
Order and Justice Party (PTT) 8 5 3
Independents 4 0 4
Labour Party (DP) 2 0 2
Lithuanian Green Party (LZS) 1 0 1
Political Party "List of Lithuania" (PPLS) 1 0 1
Lithuanian Centre Party (LCP) 1 0 1
Distribution of seats according to sex


Percent of women


Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Parliament (02.11.2016)
The Central Electoral Commission of the Republic of Lithuania (14.11.2016)


Parliament name (generic / translated) Seimas / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Title Speaker of the Seimas
Term - duration: 4 years (term of House)
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, death, dissolution of the Seimas
Appointment - elected by all Members of the Seimas
- the election is held at the opening sitting of the newly elected Seimas, 15 days after the legislative elections
- after mandates have been validated and Members have been sworn in
Eligibility - any Member of the Seimas may be a candidate but his/her formal application must be supported by at least one-tenth of the Members of Parliament
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- a simple majority is required
several rounds may be held and the candidates who have obtained the least votes must withdraw
Procedures / results - the senior Member presides over the Seimas during the voting
- the Vote-Counting Committee supervises the voting
- the outgoing Chairman announces the results without delay
- the results may be challenged
Status - ranks second in the hierarchy of State
- can act as interim Head of State in certain cases
- represents the Seimas in international bodies
- in the absence of the Chairman, the Vice-Chairman can assume his/her role and functions in agreement with the Seimas
Board - is regulated by the Standing Orders
- consists of the Chairman, three Vice-Chairmen and the Leaders of the parliamentary groups
- meets twice weekly at the initiative of the Chairman
- is in fact a collegiate presidency
Material facilities - allowance
+ expense allowance
- official car
- secretariat
- bodyguards
Organization of parliamentary business - organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- announces the bills and amendments adopted
- refers texts to a committee for study, in agreement with the Seimas
- examines the admissibility of requests for setting up committees and/or committees of enquiry, proposes or decides on the setting-up of such committees, in agreement with the Seimas
The Board of the Seimas convenes sessions
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the Seimas
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- gives and withdraws permission to speak, alternating between majority and opposition MPs
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- authenticates the texts adopted and the records of debates
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates, in agreement with the Seimas
Special powers The Board of the Seimas:
- establishes the budget
- recruits, assigns and promotes staff
- appoints the Clerk
- organizes the services of Parliament
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Seimas

Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates
- may vote last
- proposes bills or amendments by leaving his seat
- intervenes in the parliamentary oversight procedure
- signs laws before transmitting them to the Head of State for promulgation
- is empowered to nominate three justices to the Constitutional Court

This page was last updated on 30 November 2016
Copyright 1996-2016 Inter-Parliamentary Union