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Pratinidhi Sabha (House of Representatives)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Electoral system module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Sanghiya Sansad / Federal Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Pratinidhi Sabha / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Rastriya Sabha / National Assembly
Electoral Law 28 September 2015
2015 Constitution
Mode of designation directly elected 275
Constituencies - 165 single-member constituencies for the majority system
- One nationwide constituency for the Proportional Representation system
Voting system Mixed: First Past The Post (FPTP) for 165 seats.
List Proportional Representation (List PR) for 110 seats.

Women should account for at least one third of the total members elected from each party to the Federal Parliament. In the event that a party fails to reach that number under the FPTP system, it needs to elect more women under the List PR system so as to ensure that one third of its total candidates-elect are women.

Vacancies occurring between general elections (except in the last six months of the legislature's term) are filled through the electoral system by which the former member was elected.

Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Nepalese citizenship
Eligibility Qualified electors
- Age: 25 years
- Nepalese citizenship
Disqualifications: Persons punished for any criminal offence involving moral turpitude, persons declared ineligible by any law, persons holding an office of profit.

Incompatibilities - Member of the other chamber of the Federal Parliament
- Other political position regardless of the mode of designation
Candidacy requirements - Candidacy by political parties or independents
- Candidates on the PR party list cannot run under the FPTP system.
- Under the FPTP system, the same person shall not stand as a candidate in more than one electoral constituency at the same time.
- Political parties fielding candidates under the Proportional Representation system shall ensure representation for women, Dalit, Adibasi Janajati, Khas Arya, Madhesi, Tharu, Muslim, and backward regions. Balance in geography and province shall be considered for such candidacy. Provision of representation of persons with disability shall also be made.

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