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Assemblée nationale (National Assembly)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Electoral system module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Assemblée nationale / National Assembly
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral Law 20 May 1991
Last amendment: Presidential decree (2017-412 of 15 March 2017)
Mode of designation directly elected 165
Constituencies - 45 departmental single or multi-member constituencies (up to 7 seats, depending on population) for 90 members elected in Senegal
- 10 single or multi-member constituencies for 15 members representing Senegalese abroad: 4 in Africa, 2 in Europe, 1 in Oceania-Americas, 3 in Asia-Middle East; up to 3 seats from each zone.
Voting system Mixed:
- Party Block Vote (PBV) for 105 members elected from constituencies.
- List Proportional Representation (List PR) system for 60 members chosen from lists of candidates presented by parties, coalitions of parties and independent persons at the national level.

Vacancies which arise between general elections are normally filled by the "next-in-line" candidate on the list of the same party, coalition of parties or independent persons which held the seats in question.

By-elections are held within three months should there remain no more names of potential members on the list concerned. No by-election is held within the last 12 months of the legislature.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Senegalese citizenship
- full possession of civil and political rights
- disqualifications: conviction for crime, imprisonment of specified length for certain offences, contempt of court, undischarged bankruptcy
Eligibility Qualified electors
- age: 25 years
- Senegalese citizenship
- fulfillment of all requirements regarding active military service
- naturalized foreigners and women having acquired Senegalese nationality by marriage : after a period of 10 years from the date of their naturalization
- ineligibility: guardianship, conviction preventing registration on electoral list, Governors and their deputies, judges and other senior officials of national services and public institutions
Incompatibilities - holders of non-elective public functions
- membership of the Economic and Social Council
- employment for foreign States or international organizations
- executive in a State enterprise, State-assisted company, savings and credit organization or company holding a government contract
- Ministers of the Government
- members of the armed or police forces on active duty
Candidacy requirements - lists must be submitted by political parties, coalitions of parties or independent persons no later than 50 days prior to the election date
- lists under the majority system include substitutes whose number is equal to the number of seats available
- national lists under the proportional representation system must include 50 substitutes
- half of each party's candidates (both for titular members and substitutes) must be women
- gender parity is applied to all lists. The gender in lists with candidates and substitutes has to alternate. If there is an odd number of candidates, the number of the less represented gender will be the immediately lesser even number.” If only one member in a department is to be elected, the member and the substitute must be of the opposite sex.
- independent candidates must obtain the supporting signature of 10,000 voters registered in six regions (at least 500 voters from each region)
- monetary deposit, reimbursed if the list concerned obtains at least one seat in the National Assembly

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