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Mejlis (Assembly)


Parliament name (generic / translated) Mejlis / Assembly
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Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 2017 -
President Gulshat Mamedova (F) 
Notes Elected on 30 March 2018.
Secretary General Gulnara Artykova (F) 
Members (statutory / current number) 125 / 125

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Women (current number) 31 (24.80%)
Mode of designation directly elected 125
Term 5 years
Last renewal dates 25 March 2018
(View details)
Address Mejlis of Turkmenistan
Neutral Turkmenistan str, 17
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (993) 12 35 31 25
12 39 59 58
Fax (993) 12 92 45 60
12 92 45 34
E-mail mejlis@online.tm


Parliament name (generic / translated) Mejlis / Assembly
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral law 13 May 1994
Mode of designation directly elected 125
Constituencies 125 single-member constituencies.
Voting system Majority: Single-Member Plurality Systems ("first past the post")
A candidate is declared elected if he/she obtains at least 50 % of the votes cast in each constituency.
Vacancies arising between general elections are filled through by-elections held within three months, unless the vacancy occurs less than one year before the end of the legislature's term.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Turkmen citizenship
- residence in district of registration
- disqualifications: insanity, imprisonment, preventive detention
Eligibility Qualified electors
- age: 25 years
- Turkmen citizenship
- ineligibility: imprisonment
Incompatibilities - membership of the Cabinet
- certain high public offices
- judge or public prosecutor
Candidacy requirements - nominations 45 to 30 days before the elections
- candidatures submitted by legally registered political parties, public associations and organizations or by assemblies of citizens of at least 200 voters residing in the same constituency. Absolute majority backing required for each name to go forward.


Parliament name (generic / translated) Mejlis / Assembly
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 25 March 2018
Timing and scope of renewal The ruling Democratic Party of Turkmenistan (DPT) remained the largest party in the 125-member Assembly in the second multi-party elections since the country's independence in 1991. President Berdymukhammedov's son, Serdar, was re-elected to the Assembly, and appointed a Deputy Foreign Minister on 30 March. On 2 April, the DPT elected Mr. Ata Serdarov, Ambassador to Belgium and to the EU, as its new leader.

No official reasons were given for holding early elections, which were constitutionally due by December. The elections took place amid an economic crisis, and were the first to be held since the 2016 constitutional amendments that removed the 70-year upper age limit for presidential candidates and extended the presidential term from 5 to 7 years. The incumbent President, in power since 2007, was re-elected in February 2017.
Date of previous elections: 15 December 2013

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: N/A
Timing of election: Early elections

Expected date of next elections: March 2023

Number of seats at stake: 125 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 284

Percentage of women candidates: Not available.

Number of parties contesting the election: 4

Alternation of power: No

Number of parties in government: 1

Names of parties in government: Democratic Party of Turkmenistan (DPT)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 30 March 2018

Name of the new Speaker: Ms. Gulshat Mamedova (Democratic Party of Turkmenistan, DPT)
Voter turnout
Round no 125 March 2018
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
3'017'801 (91.69%)

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Democratic Party of Turkmenistan (DPT)
Groups of citizens
Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs of Turkmenistan
Agrarian Party of Turkmenistan
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats
Democratic Party of Turkmenistan (DPT) 55
Groups of citizens 48
Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs of Turkmenistan 11
Agrarian Party of Turkmenistan 11
Distribution of seats according to sex


Percent of women


Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Permanent Mission of Turkmenistan in Geneva (21.06.2018)


Parliament name (generic / translated) Mejlis / Assembly
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Title Chairman of the Assembly
Term - duration: 5 years (term of House)
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, decision of the Mejlis, death, dissolution of the Parliament
Appointment - elected by the Mejlis at the first sitting of the newly convened Mejlis
- after Members' mandates are validated
Eligibility - a candidacy for the post is proposed among the Deputies of the Mejlis and discussed at the meeting of the Mejlis itself
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- the Mejlis elects a Committee of tellers to conduct the election and to determine the results thereof
- each Deputy votes personnally; the Committee of tellers counts the vote and prepares a protocol which is approved at the Mejlis session - should more than 2 candidates be nominated for the post and none of them receive the necessary number of votes to be elected, a run-off is held between the two candidates who have received the highest number of votes
- absolute majority is required (more than one half of the votes of the number of Deputies)
Procedures / results - the Chairman of the Central Commission for Elections and Referenda presides over the Mejlis during the voting
- the Committee of tellers supervises the voting
- the Committee of tellers announces the results without any delay
- the results cannot be challenged, but if mistakes in the procedure and technique of voting are detected, a new vote may be held if the Mejlis so decides
Status - at the instruction of the President of Turkmenistan, the Chairman of the Mejlis performs certain of the President of the Mejlis' duties as provided for by the Constitution
- President's powers are transferred to the Chairman until a new President is elected
- represents the Mejlis with the Khalk maslakhaty (People's Council), the President and other state bodies and public associations
- represents the Mejlis in international bodies
- in the absence of the Chairman, the Vice-Chairman can assume his/her role and functions
Board - the Presidium consists of the Chairman of the Mejlis, the Vice-Chairman and the chairmen of the committees
- meetings are convened as necessary by the Chairman - have a quorum when at least 2/3 of the Members are presents
- is a collective body
Material facilities - salary
- official car
Organization of parliamentary business - organizes the debates
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments
- refers texts to a committee for study
- verifies the admissibility of request for setting up committees and/or committees of enquiry, proposes or decides on the setting up of such committees
Chairing of public sittings - decides to open, adjourn and close sittings by putting these questions to a vote
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders, according the Law
- can make announcements concerning the Mejlis
- is responsible for discipline within the Mejlis
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- amendments are discussed and adopted, in accordance with the Rules of Procedure
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the adopted texts and the records of debates
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Mejlis
Special powers - appoints and dismisses officials of the Mejlis services
- makes a proposal to the Presidium concerning the structure of Mejlis services
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates
- provides guidelines for the interpretation or completion of the text under discussion, in accordance with the Rules of Procedure
- takes part in voting
- may propose bills or amendments

This page was last updated on 10 July 2018
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