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Quoc-Hoi (National Assembly)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Electoral system module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Quoc-Hoi / National Assembly
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral Law 1 September 2015
(Law on Election of Deputies to the National Assembly and Deputies to People's Councils)
Mode of designation directly elected 500
Constituencies 184 multi-member constituencies
Voting system Majority: Majority vote in two rounds
Members are elected to the National Assembly in individual electoral units. Provinces and cities directly under the central Government may constitute a single electoral unit or be divided into several units. The number of electoral units and number of members to be elected by each is based on population.
Within each electoral unit, candidates obtaining the most votes and more than one half of the votes cast in the unit are declared elected.

A simple majority second round vote takes place among the original candidates if either:
- all the seats to be allocated in a unit have not been filled when all the votes in that unit have been counted; or
- the number of electors who voted is less than half of those registered.

Vacancies arising between general elections are filled through by-elections, unless the remaining parliamentary term is less than two years.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - Age: 18 years
- Vietnamese citizenship
- Voters in custody, who are otherwise detained or who are serving out a period in a compulsory education or compulsory detoxification establishment may have their name included in the voter list in the province where they currently reside.
- Disqualifications: mental illness
Eligibility - Qualified electors
- Age: 21 years
- Vietnamese citizenship

Incompatibilities (not applicable)
Candidacy requirements - All citizens have the right to stand for election
- Candidate lists are presented by the Viet Nam Fatherland Front
- At least 18 percent of candidates must be from ethnic minorities and at least 35 percent of candidates must be women.

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