||Parliament of Canada - Parlement du Canada
|Structure of parliament
||House of Commons
|Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments)
||1 September 2000
Last updated: 5 October 2013 (Representation Order)
|Mode of designation
||directly elected 338
||338 single-member constituencies :
- 121 members from Ontario
- 78 from Québec
- 42 from British Columbia
- 34 from Alberta
- 14 each from Manitoba and Saskatchewan
- 11 from Nova Scotia
- 10 from New Brunswick
- 7 from Newfoundland and Labrador
- 4 from Prince Edward Island
- 1 from the Northwest Territories
- 1 from Nunavut
- 1 from Yukon
Simple majority vote (single-member plurality system, first past the post)
A general election must be held on the third Monday in October in the fourth calendar year following polling day for the last general election.
Vacancies arising between general elections are filled through by-elections.
Voting is not compulsory.
||- age: 18
- Canadian citizenship
- residence in Canada; non-residents (except diplomats, armed forces personnel or other government officials abroad) cannot have been absent for more than 5 years
- disqualifications: corrupt or illegal practices, Chief and Assistant Chief Electoral Officer
||- qualified electors
- age: 18
- Canadian citizenship
- residence in Canada; non-residents cannot have been absent for more than five consecutive years
- ineligibilities: electoral fraud, conviction for corrupt or illegal election practices (for five to seven years), for candidates in the previous election, failure to file an election finance report
||- certain public and election officers
- members of provincial legislatures
||- the names, addresses and signatures, provided in the presence of a witness, of at least 100 electors resident in the electoral district (50 electors in sparsely populated districts)
- the closing day for nominations is on Monday, the 21st day before polling day.
- mandatory deposit (1,000 Canadian dollars) accompanying the nomination; full amount of deposit is reimbursed if required financial reports are submitted within specified time after election day. Candidates who have obtained at least 10 per cent of the valid votes cast within their electoral districts are entitled to a partial reimbursement of their paid expenses and their paid personal expenses.